This article focuses on the reception France has given to German Jewish refugees during the years 1933-1938. It shows how warmly these men and women were greeted in the early hours of the crisis caused by Adolf Hitler’s rise to power in 1933. It gives the voices of the French government of the Third Republic to be heard, but also of the Jewish community of France. Logically, the reasons for this reception are questioned, whether they were political in terms of diplomatic outreach to some, or humanitarian to others. The article continues the analysis and shows a rapid shift towards rejection. For this reason, the economic crisis and the rise of extreme right-wing anti-Semitism are invoked, while coercive administrative measures are explained. Nevertheless, it is shown that these men and women do not suffer but act. The concepts of esquive and transgression are used to emphasize that there is room for maneuver. A case study based on the journey of a Jewish refugee couple of Polish origin illustrates the different types of strategies used to deal with exclusion. Finally, the article closes in the early hours of the Vichy regime, authoritarian by definition, which takes over and intensifies the policy of exclusion from the previous regime. Vichy does not hesitate to resort to systematic internment of the German Jewish refugees, nor to take part in the organization of the deportation of the Jews in France to the Nazi extermination camps on Polish territory. Finally, the text of Erich Maria Note, Les exilés (1939), is used several times to highlight the continuing mechanisms of rejection which refugees suffer, yesterday, today and tomorrow.
|Bidragets titel på inmatningsspråk||Changes in the reception of Jewish refugees from Germany to France: The case of Lyon (1933-1938)|
|Tidskrift||Ennen ja nyt : historian tietosanomat|
|Status||Publicerad - 2019|
- 615 Historia och arkeologi