Climate change, multiple stressors and human vulnerability: a systematic review

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We systematically reviewed current climate change literature in order to examine how multiple processes that affect human vulnerability have been studied. Of the 125 reviewed articles, 79 % were published after 2009. There are numerous concepts that point out to stressors other than climate change that were used in reviewed studies. These different concepts were used interchangeably, and they illustrate processes that act on different scales. Most widely used concepts included non-climatic (40 % of the articles), multiple stressors (38 %) and other factors (37 %). About 75 % of the studies either acknowledged or carefully analyzed the social and environmental context in which vulnerability is experienced. One-third of the studies recognized climate change-related stressors as the most important, one-third argued that stressors other than climate are more important, and the rest of the studies did not analyze the relative importance of the different processes. Interactions between different stressors were mentioned in 76 % and analyzed explicitly in 28 % of the articles. Our review shows that there are studies that analyze the social context of vulnerability within climate change-related literature and this literature is rapidly expanding. Reviewed studies point out that there are multiple interacting stressors, whose interlinkages need to be carefully analyzed and targeted by policies, which integrate adaptation to climate change and other stressors. In conclusion, we suggest that future studies should include analytical frameworks that reflect dissimilarities between different types of stressors, methodological triangulation to identify key stressors and analysis of interactions between multiple stressors across different scales.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftRegional Environmental Change
Volym16
Utgåva8
Sidor (från-till)2291-2302
Antal sidor12
ISSN1436-3798
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2016
MoE-publikationstypA2 Granska artikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift

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@article{4d8711142aa54b94a18447057dd6ff51,
title = "Climate change, multiple stressors and human vulnerability: a systematic review",
abstract = "We systematically reviewed current climate change literature in order to examine how multiple processes that affect human vulnerability have been studied. Of the 125 reviewed articles, 79 {\%} were published after 2009. There are numerous concepts that point out to stressors other than climate change that were used in reviewed studies. These different concepts were used interchangeably, and they illustrate processes that act on different scales. Most widely used concepts included non-climatic (40 {\%} of the articles), multiple stressors (38 {\%}) and other factors (37 {\%}). About 75 {\%} of the studies either acknowledged or carefully analyzed the social and environmental context in which vulnerability is experienced. One-third of the studies recognized climate change-related stressors as the most important, one-third argued that stressors other than climate are more important, and the rest of the studies did not analyze the relative importance of the different processes. Interactions between different stressors were mentioned in 76 {\%} and analyzed explicitly in 28 {\%} of the articles. Our review shows that there are studies that analyze the social context of vulnerability within climate change-related literature and this literature is rapidly expanding. Reviewed studies point out that there are multiple interacting stressors, whose interlinkages need to be carefully analyzed and targeted by policies, which integrate adaptation to climate change and other stressors. In conclusion, we suggest that future studies should include analytical frameworks that reflect dissimilarities between different types of stressors, methodological triangulation to identify key stressors and analysis of interactions between multiple stressors across different scales.",
keywords = "1172 Environmental sciences, Adaptation , Non-climatic , Driver , Exposure , Pressure , Risk , DOUBLE-EXPOSURE , LAND-USE , FACILITATING ADAPTATION , SOCIAL VULNERABILITY , ADAPTIVE CAPACITY , DISASTER RISK , DEJA-VU , CONTEXT , LIVELIHOODS , FRAMEWORK",
author = "Aleksi R{\"a}s{\"a}nen and Sirkku Juhola and Anja Nygren and Mira K{\"a}k{\"o}nen and Maarit Kallio and {Monge Monge}, Adrian and Markku Kanninen",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1007/s10113-016-0974-7",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "2291--2302",
journal = "Regional Environmental Change",
issn = "1436-3798",
publisher = "Springer Heidelberg",
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}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Climate change, multiple stressors and human vulnerability

T2 - a systematic review

AU - Räsänen, Aleksi

AU - Juhola, Sirkku

AU - Nygren, Anja

AU - Käkönen, Mira

AU - Kallio, Maarit

AU - Monge Monge, Adrian

AU - Kanninen, Markku

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - We systematically reviewed current climate change literature in order to examine how multiple processes that affect human vulnerability have been studied. Of the 125 reviewed articles, 79 % were published after 2009. There are numerous concepts that point out to stressors other than climate change that were used in reviewed studies. These different concepts were used interchangeably, and they illustrate processes that act on different scales. Most widely used concepts included non-climatic (40 % of the articles), multiple stressors (38 %) and other factors (37 %). About 75 % of the studies either acknowledged or carefully analyzed the social and environmental context in which vulnerability is experienced. One-third of the studies recognized climate change-related stressors as the most important, one-third argued that stressors other than climate are more important, and the rest of the studies did not analyze the relative importance of the different processes. Interactions between different stressors were mentioned in 76 % and analyzed explicitly in 28 % of the articles. Our review shows that there are studies that analyze the social context of vulnerability within climate change-related literature and this literature is rapidly expanding. Reviewed studies point out that there are multiple interacting stressors, whose interlinkages need to be carefully analyzed and targeted by policies, which integrate adaptation to climate change and other stressors. In conclusion, we suggest that future studies should include analytical frameworks that reflect dissimilarities between different types of stressors, methodological triangulation to identify key stressors and analysis of interactions between multiple stressors across different scales.

AB - We systematically reviewed current climate change literature in order to examine how multiple processes that affect human vulnerability have been studied. Of the 125 reviewed articles, 79 % were published after 2009. There are numerous concepts that point out to stressors other than climate change that were used in reviewed studies. These different concepts were used interchangeably, and they illustrate processes that act on different scales. Most widely used concepts included non-climatic (40 % of the articles), multiple stressors (38 %) and other factors (37 %). About 75 % of the studies either acknowledged or carefully analyzed the social and environmental context in which vulnerability is experienced. One-third of the studies recognized climate change-related stressors as the most important, one-third argued that stressors other than climate are more important, and the rest of the studies did not analyze the relative importance of the different processes. Interactions between different stressors were mentioned in 76 % and analyzed explicitly in 28 % of the articles. Our review shows that there are studies that analyze the social context of vulnerability within climate change-related literature and this literature is rapidly expanding. Reviewed studies point out that there are multiple interacting stressors, whose interlinkages need to be carefully analyzed and targeted by policies, which integrate adaptation to climate change and other stressors. In conclusion, we suggest that future studies should include analytical frameworks that reflect dissimilarities between different types of stressors, methodological triangulation to identify key stressors and analysis of interactions between multiple stressors across different scales.

KW - 1172 Environmental sciences

KW - Adaptation

KW - Non-climatic

KW - Driver

KW - Exposure

KW - Pressure

KW - Risk

KW - DOUBLE-EXPOSURE

KW - LAND-USE

KW - FACILITATING ADAPTATION

KW - SOCIAL VULNERABILITY

KW - ADAPTIVE CAPACITY

KW - DISASTER RISK

KW - DEJA-VU

KW - CONTEXT

KW - LIVELIHOODS

KW - FRAMEWORK

U2 - 10.1007/s10113-016-0974-7

DO - 10.1007/s10113-016-0974-7

M3 - Review Article

VL - 16

SP - 2291

EP - 2302

JO - Regional Environmental Change

JF - Regional Environmental Change

SN - 1436-3798

IS - 8

ER -