In this chapter, the effects of temperature change---as a main aspect of climate change---on marine biodiversity are assessed. Starting from a general discussion of species responses to temperature, the chapter presents how species respond to warming. These responses comprise adaptation and phenotypic plasticity as well as range shifts. The observed range shifts show more rapid shifts at the poleward range edge than at the equator-near edge, which probably reflects more rapid immigration than extinction in a warming world. A third avenue of changing biodiversity is change in species interactions, which can be altered by temporal and spatial shifts in interacting species. We then compare the potential changes in biodiversity to actual trends recently addressed in empirical synthesis work on local marine biodiversity, which lead to conceptual issues in quantifying the degree of biodiversity change. Finally we assess how climate change impacts the protection of marine environments.
|Titel på värdpublikation||Handbook on Marine Environment Protection : Science, Impacts and Sustainable Management|
|Redaktörer||Markus Salomon, Till Markus|
|Förlag||Springer International Publishing|
|Status||Publicerad - 2018|
|MoE-publikationstyp||A3 Del av bok eller annan forskningsbok|