Cloning, Expression, Characterization, and Tissue Distribution of Cystatin C from Silver Carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix)

Li Ran, Xiaoqian Tan, Shuhong Li, Yu Jin, Song Li, Shulei Li, Timo Takala, Per Saris

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review


Cystatins are proteins, which inhibit cysteine proteases, such as papain. In this study, the 336-bp cystatin C gene (family II, HmCysC) of silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). HmCysC encodes the mature peptide of cystatin C (HmCystatin C), with 111 amino acids. A typical QXXXG motif was found in HmCystatin C and it formed a cluster with Cyprinus carpio and Danio rerio cystatin C in the phylogenetic tree. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis indicated that HmCysC was transcribed at different levels in five tested tissues of silver carp. Following purification with Ni2+– nitrilotriacetic acid agarose affinity chromatography, HmCystatin C displayed a molecular weight of 20 kDa in sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Purified HmCystatin C had strong inhibitory effects toward the proteolytic activity of papain. Immunochemical staining with anti-HmCystatin C antibody showed that HmCystatin C was widely distributed in silver carp tissues. These results collectively demonstrated the properties of HmCystatin C, providing information for further studies of cystatins from fish organisms.
TidskriftJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Sidor (från-till)5144–5154
Antal sidor11
StatusPublicerad - 21 apr 2021
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad


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