Coming to Terms with Violence: Sacrifice, Collective Memory and Reconciliation in Inter-war Finland

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This article connects notions of collective memory to the notion of cultural memory. Special interest is given to the role of national myths and other cultural reservoirs in organizing Finnish collective memories during the period from the Civil War of 1918 until the beginning of the Second World War. First the author seeks to uncover the ways both sides of the conflict utilized cultural reservoirs in their memory cultures. Then the author looks into ways in which the Social Democrats especially tried in the late 1930s to transform divisive and even traumatic experiences resulting from the Civil War into socially productive narratives. The transformation of the memory of the internal and reciprocal violence into unifying self-sacrifices proved to be the most crucial act in Finnish memory culture during the first half of the 20th century. This interpretation dates the first acts of public reconciliation to the late 1930s, or the time before the Winter War.
TidskriftScandinavian Journal of History
Sidor (från-till)487-509
Antal sidor23
StatusPublicerad - 2014
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad


  • 615 Historia och arkeologi

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