Current Mouse Models of Intracranial Aneurysms: Analysis of Pharmacological Agents Used to Induce Aneurysms and Their Impact on Translational Research

Dilaware Khan, Xuanchen Li, Tomoki Hashimoto, Rokuya Tanikawa, Mika Niemela, Michael Lawton, Sajjad Muhammad

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikelPeer review

Sammanfattning

Intracranial aneurysms (IAs) are rare vascular lesions that are more frequently found in women. The pathophysiology behind the formation and growth of IAs is complex. Hence, to date, no single pharmacological option exists to treat them. Animal models, especially mouse models, represent a valuable tool to explore such complex scientific questions. Genetic modification in a mouse model of IAs, including deletion or overexpression of a particular gene, provides an excellent means for examining basic mechanisms behind disease pathophysiology and developing novel pharmacological approaches. All existing animal models need some pharmacological treatments, surgical interventions, or both to develop IAs, which is different from the spontaneous and natural development of aneurysms under the influence of the classical risk factors. The benefit of such animal models is the development of IAs in a limited time. However, clinical translation of the results is often challenging because of the artificial course of IA development and growth. Here, we summarize the continuous improvement in mouse models of IAs. Moreover, we discuss the pros and cons of existing mouse models of IAs and highlight the main translational roadblocks and how to improve them to increase the success of translational IA research.

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummere031811
TidskriftJournal of the American Heart Association
Volym13
Nummer3
Antal sidor11
ISSN2047-9980
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2024
MoE-publikationstypA2 Granska artikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift

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© 2024 The Authors.

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