Depression and Violence in Adolescence and Young Adults: Findings From Three Longitudinal Cohorts

Rongqin Yu, Mikko Aaltonen, Susan Branje, Tiina Ristikari, Wim Meeus, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Guy M. Goodwin, Seena Fazel

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

Sammanfattning

Objective: Despite recent research demonstrating associations between violence and depression in adults, links in adolescents are uncertain. This study aims to assess the longitudinal associations between young people's depression and later violent outcomes.

Method: We used data from three cohorts with different measurements of depression exposures and subsequent violent outcomes. In a Dutch community cohort Research on Adolescent Development And Relationships (RADAR; N = 623) and a population-based British birth cohort Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; N = 4,030), we examined the longitudinal links between adolescent depressive symptoms and violent behaviors from age 13 to 17 years. In a total Finnish birth cohort (FBC 1987; N = 57,526), we estimated risk of violent convictions in individuals clinically diagnosed with depression from age 15 to 27 years.

Results: During a mean follow-up period of 4 years, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of violent behaviors per unit of increase in depressive symptoms was 1.7 (95% CI = 1.2-2.5) in the Dutch RADAR community sample and 1.8 (95% CI = 1.4-2.3) in the British ALSPAC birth cohort. In the FBC 1987 cohort, the aOR of violent convictions was 2.1 (95% CI = 1.7-2.7) among individuals with a depression diagnosis compared with general population controls without depression. All risk estimates were adjusted for family socioeconomic status and previous violence.

Conclusion: Consistent findings across three longitudinal studies suggest that clinical guidelines should consider recommending risk assessment for violence in young people with depression. The benefits of targeting risk management in subgroups by gender need further investigation.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volym56
Utgåva8
Sidor (från-till)652-658
Antal sidor7
ISSN0890-8567
DOI
StatusPublicerad - aug 2017
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Vetenskapsgrenar

  • 515 Psykologi
  • 5144 Socialpsykologi
  • 513 Juridik
  • 5141 Sociologi

Citera det här

@article{df0a32a45e6e4585ba09e16d304aeba5,
title = "Depression and Violence in Adolescence and Young Adults: Findings From Three Longitudinal Cohorts",
abstract = "Objective: Despite recent research demonstrating associations between violence and depression in adults, links in adolescents are uncertain. This study aims to assess the longitudinal associations between young people's depression and later violent outcomes.Method: We used data from three cohorts with different measurements of depression exposures and subsequent violent outcomes. In a Dutch community cohort Research on Adolescent Development And Relationships (RADAR; N = 623) and a population-based British birth cohort Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; N = 4,030), we examined the longitudinal links between adolescent depressive symptoms and violent behaviors from age 13 to 17 years. In a total Finnish birth cohort (FBC 1987; N = 57,526), we estimated risk of violent convictions in individuals clinically diagnosed with depression from age 15 to 27 years.Results: During a mean follow-up period of 4 years, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of violent behaviors per unit of increase in depressive symptoms was 1.7 (95{\%} CI = 1.2-2.5) in the Dutch RADAR community sample and 1.8 (95{\%} CI = 1.4-2.3) in the British ALSPAC birth cohort. In the FBC 1987 cohort, the aOR of violent convictions was 2.1 (95{\%} CI = 1.7-2.7) among individuals with a depression diagnosis compared with general population controls without depression. All risk estimates were adjusted for family socioeconomic status and previous violence.Conclusion: Consistent findings across three longitudinal studies suggest that clinical guidelines should consider recommending risk assessment for violence in young people with depression. The benefits of targeting risk management in subgroups by gender need further investigation.",
keywords = "515 Psychology, DEPRESSION, VIOLENCE, adolescents and young adults, longitudinal, BIRTH COHORT, MENTAL-DISORDERS, BIPOLAR DISORDER, CONDUCT PROBLEMS, HEALTH, CRIME, VICTIMIZATION, COMORBIDITY, 5144 Social psychology, 513 Law, 5141 Sociology",
author = "Rongqin Yu and Mikko Aaltonen and Susan Branje and Tiina Ristikari and Wim Meeus and Katariina Salmela-Aro and Goodwin, {Guy M.} and Seena Fazel",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.jaac.2017.05.016",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "652--658",
journal = "Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry",
issn = "0890-8567",
publisher = "EXCERPTA MEDICA INC-ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC",
number = "8",

}

Depression and Violence in Adolescence and Young Adults : Findings From Three Longitudinal Cohorts. / Yu, Rongqin; Aaltonen, Mikko; Branje, Susan; Ristikari, Tiina; Meeus, Wim; Salmela-Aro, Katariina; Goodwin, Guy M.; Fazel, Seena.

I: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 56, Nr. 8, 08.2017, s. 652-658.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Depression and Violence in Adolescence and Young Adults

T2 - Findings From Three Longitudinal Cohorts

AU - Yu, Rongqin

AU - Aaltonen, Mikko

AU - Branje, Susan

AU - Ristikari, Tiina

AU - Meeus, Wim

AU - Salmela-Aro, Katariina

AU - Goodwin, Guy M.

AU - Fazel, Seena

PY - 2017/8

Y1 - 2017/8

N2 - Objective: Despite recent research demonstrating associations between violence and depression in adults, links in adolescents are uncertain. This study aims to assess the longitudinal associations between young people's depression and later violent outcomes.Method: We used data from three cohorts with different measurements of depression exposures and subsequent violent outcomes. In a Dutch community cohort Research on Adolescent Development And Relationships (RADAR; N = 623) and a population-based British birth cohort Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; N = 4,030), we examined the longitudinal links between adolescent depressive symptoms and violent behaviors from age 13 to 17 years. In a total Finnish birth cohort (FBC 1987; N = 57,526), we estimated risk of violent convictions in individuals clinically diagnosed with depression from age 15 to 27 years.Results: During a mean follow-up period of 4 years, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of violent behaviors per unit of increase in depressive symptoms was 1.7 (95% CI = 1.2-2.5) in the Dutch RADAR community sample and 1.8 (95% CI = 1.4-2.3) in the British ALSPAC birth cohort. In the FBC 1987 cohort, the aOR of violent convictions was 2.1 (95% CI = 1.7-2.7) among individuals with a depression diagnosis compared with general population controls without depression. All risk estimates were adjusted for family socioeconomic status and previous violence.Conclusion: Consistent findings across three longitudinal studies suggest that clinical guidelines should consider recommending risk assessment for violence in young people with depression. The benefits of targeting risk management in subgroups by gender need further investigation.

AB - Objective: Despite recent research demonstrating associations between violence and depression in adults, links in adolescents are uncertain. This study aims to assess the longitudinal associations between young people's depression and later violent outcomes.Method: We used data from three cohorts with different measurements of depression exposures and subsequent violent outcomes. In a Dutch community cohort Research on Adolescent Development And Relationships (RADAR; N = 623) and a population-based British birth cohort Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; N = 4,030), we examined the longitudinal links between adolescent depressive symptoms and violent behaviors from age 13 to 17 years. In a total Finnish birth cohort (FBC 1987; N = 57,526), we estimated risk of violent convictions in individuals clinically diagnosed with depression from age 15 to 27 years.Results: During a mean follow-up period of 4 years, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of violent behaviors per unit of increase in depressive symptoms was 1.7 (95% CI = 1.2-2.5) in the Dutch RADAR community sample and 1.8 (95% CI = 1.4-2.3) in the British ALSPAC birth cohort. In the FBC 1987 cohort, the aOR of violent convictions was 2.1 (95% CI = 1.7-2.7) among individuals with a depression diagnosis compared with general population controls without depression. All risk estimates were adjusted for family socioeconomic status and previous violence.Conclusion: Consistent findings across three longitudinal studies suggest that clinical guidelines should consider recommending risk assessment for violence in young people with depression. The benefits of targeting risk management in subgroups by gender need further investigation.

KW - 515 Psychology

KW - DEPRESSION

KW - VIOLENCE

KW - adolescents and young adults

KW - longitudinal

KW - BIRTH COHORT

KW - MENTAL-DISORDERS

KW - BIPOLAR DISORDER

KW - CONDUCT PROBLEMS

KW - HEALTH

KW - CRIME

KW - VICTIMIZATION

KW - COMORBIDITY

KW - 5144 Social psychology

KW - 513 Law

KW - 5141 Sociology

U2 - 10.1016/j.jaac.2017.05.016

DO - 10.1016/j.jaac.2017.05.016

M3 - Article

VL - 56

SP - 652

EP - 658

JO - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

JF - Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

SN - 0890-8567

IS - 8

ER -