Depressive symptoms and career-related goal appraisals: Genetic and Environmental correlations and interactions

Katariina Salmela-Aro, Sanna Read, Eero Vuoksimaa, Tellervo Korhonen, Danielle M. Dick, Jaakko Kaprio, Richard J. Rose

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

Sammanfattning

In order to further understand why depressive symptoms are associated with negative goal appraisals, the present study examined the genetic and environmental correlations and interactions between depressive symptoms and career-related goal appraisals. A total of 1,240 Finnish twins aged 21-26 years completed a questionnaire containing items on the appraisal of their career goals along five dimensions: importance, progress, effort, strain, and self-efficacy. In the same questionnaire, the 10-item General Behavior Inventory assessed depressive symptoms. Structural equation modeling was used to evaluate the genetic and environmental correlations and gene-environment interactions between the career-goal appraisals and depressive symptoms. Associations were identified, and were attributed to environmental factors. Of the career-related goal appraisals, the shared environmental component was of a higher magnitude for the dimension of strain among the depressed compared with non-depressed subjects. The results indicate that the interplay between depressive symptoms and negative career-related goal appraisals is significantly affected by environmental factors, and thus possibly susceptible to targeted interventions.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftTwin Research and Human Genetics
Volym17
Utgåva4
Sidor (från-till)236-243
Antal sidor8
ISSN1832-4274
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 16 jun 2014
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

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