It was hypothesized that premedication with vatinoxan, a peripheral alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist, would mitigate xylazine-induced pulmonary alterations in sheep. Fourteen adult sheep were allotted into two equal groups and premedicated with either vatinoxan (750 mu g/kg IV) or saline and sedated 10 min later with xylazine (500 mu g/kg IV). Arterial oxygen saturation (SpO(2)) was measured and respiratory rate (RR) counted at intervals. The sheep were euthanized with IV pentobarbital 10 min after xylazine administration. The severity of pulmonary parenchymal alterations was assessed and graded grossly and histologically and correlations of the morphological changes with SpO(2) evaluated. Following xylazine injection, SpO(2) was significantly higher and RR significantly lower with vatinoxan than with saline and the sheep administered vatinoxan exhibited significantly smaller quantities of tracheal foam than those receiving saline. No significant differences in macroscopic oedema scores were detected between treatments. In contrast, the vatinoxan-treated animals exhibited significantly graver microscopic interstitial alveolar oedema and haemorrhage than saline-treated animals. The histological severity scores did not correlate with changes in SpO(2). In conclusion, xylazine induced a marked reduction in SpO(2) which was abolished by the prior administration of vatinoxan. The histologically detected alterations after pentobarbital euthanasia with vatinoxan premedication need to be studied further.
|Tidskrift||Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics|
|Status||Publicerad - jan. 2022|
- 413 Veterinärvetenskap
- 317 Farmaci