Objectives Monoamniotic twins represent a high-risk pregnancy requiring intense follow-up, elective birth and careful consideration of the mode and timing of delivery. We conducted this study to evaluate the perinatal and neonatal outcomes of monoamniotic twin pregnancies in the largest tertiary hospital in Finland. Methods This was a retrospective cohort study including all monoamniotic twin pregnancies during a 17-year period (2002-2018) managed in Helsinki University Hospital. Data on mothers and children were collected from patient files. Chorionicity and amnionicity were defined in first-trimester ultrasound screening. Results There were altogether 31 monoamniotic twin pregnancies during the study period, including four cases of conjoined twins which all underwent termination of pregnancy, and three miscarriages. In the remaining 24 pregnancies that continued past 24 weeks of gestation there was 97.9% survival (one intrauterine death). Three pregnancies were complicated with twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. All children were delivered by cesarean section with a mean gestational age of 32 + 5 weeks (27 + 1-34 + 2 weeks). Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) was observed in 57% (27/47) of neonates and grade I-II intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) in 6.3% (3/47) of neonates. There were no neonatal deaths and no maternal complications. Conclusions Monoamniotic twinning is a rare form of pregnancy and carries risks for perinatal and neonatal complications. With timely diagnosis, close monitoring in specialized feto-maternal unit and elective delivery at 32-34 weeks the outcome is usually excellent.
- 3123 Kvinno- och barnsjukdomar