Food business operators' opinions on disclosed food safety inspections and occurrence of disagreements with inspector grading

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Disclosure systems for official food safety inspection results have been introduced in many countries including Finland in order to increase compliance of food business operators (FBOs). Although the disclosure systems are intended to affect FBOs, few studies have been published on FBOs' experiences of these systems. To investigate FBOs' opinions of disclosed food safety inspections in Finland, a questionnaire was distributed in 2016. The questionnaire study also aimed to recognize factors affecting compliance and disagreements about gradings with a special focus on FBOs' risk perception. In total 1277 responses from FBOs in retail (n = 523), service (n = 507) and industry (n = 247) sectors revealed that the majority of FBOs perceived the disclosure to promote correction of non-compliance. However, many FBOs disagreed with the grading of inspection findings. Most common topics of disagreements were maintenance of premises, record-keeping of own-check plan and adequacy and suitability of premises for operations. Logistic regression analysis showed that the likelihood of occurrence of disagreements with grading was higher among those retail and service FBOs with a lower risk perception. Similarly, the occurrence of non-compliance was associated with FBOs' risk perception in all sectors. Thus, FBOs need proper guidance on food safety risks. These results can be used to improve the efficacy of disclosed food safety inspections.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftFood Control
Volym105
Sidor (från-till)248-255
Antal sidor8
ISSN0956-7135
DOI
StatusPublicerad - nov 2019
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Vetenskapsgrenar

  • 413 Veterinärvetenskap
  • 3142 Folkhälsovetenskap, miljö och arbetshälsa
  • 5144 Socialpsykologi

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title = "Food business operators' opinions on disclosed food safety inspections and occurrence of disagreements with inspector grading",
abstract = "Disclosure systems for official food safety inspection results have been introduced in many countries including Finland in order to increase compliance of food business operators (FBOs). Although the disclosure systems are intended to affect FBOs, few studies have been published on FBOs' experiences of these systems. To investigate FBOs' opinions of disclosed food safety inspections in Finland, a questionnaire was distributed in 2016. The questionnaire study also aimed to recognize factors affecting compliance and disagreements about gradings with a special focus on FBOs' risk perception. In total 1277 responses from FBOs in retail (n = 523), service (n = 507) and industry (n = 247) sectors revealed that the majority of FBOs perceived the disclosure to promote correction of non-compliance. However, many FBOs disagreed with the grading of inspection findings. Most common topics of disagreements were maintenance of premises, record-keeping of own-check plan and adequacy and suitability of premises for operations. Logistic regression analysis showed that the likelihood of occurrence of disagreements with grading was higher among those retail and service FBOs with a lower risk perception. Similarly, the occurrence of non-compliance was associated with FBOs' risk perception in all sectors. Thus, FBOs need proper guidance on food safety risks. These results can be used to improve the efficacy of disclosed food safety inspections.",
keywords = "413 Veterinary science, Elintarvikehygienia, Alimentary hygiene, 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health, 5144 Social psychology, Compliance, Disclosure, Food business operator, Grading, Official food safety inspection, Risk perception, RISK PERCEPTIONS, PERCEIVED RISK, PROCEDURAL JUSTICE, FOODBORNE DISEASE, HYGIENE, KNOWLEDGE, CONSUMERS, HANDLERS, DETERMINANTS, INFORMATION, Compliance, Disclosure, Food business operator, Grading, Official food safety inspection, Risk perception, RISK PERCEPTIONS, PERCEIVED RISK, PROCEDURAL JUSTICE, FOODBORNE DISEASE, HYGIENE, KNOWLEDGE, CONSUMERS, HANDLERS, DETERMINANTS, INFORMATION",
author = "Jenni Kaskela and Annukka Vainio and Sari Ollila and Janne Lund{\'e}n",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.foodcont.2019.06.005",
language = "English",
volume = "105",
pages = "248--255",
journal = "Food Control",
issn = "0956-7135",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Food business operators' opinions on disclosed food safety inspections and occurrence of disagreements with inspector grading

AU - Kaskela, Jenni

AU - Vainio, Annukka

AU - Ollila, Sari

AU - Lundén, Janne

PY - 2019/11

Y1 - 2019/11

N2 - Disclosure systems for official food safety inspection results have been introduced in many countries including Finland in order to increase compliance of food business operators (FBOs). Although the disclosure systems are intended to affect FBOs, few studies have been published on FBOs' experiences of these systems. To investigate FBOs' opinions of disclosed food safety inspections in Finland, a questionnaire was distributed in 2016. The questionnaire study also aimed to recognize factors affecting compliance and disagreements about gradings with a special focus on FBOs' risk perception. In total 1277 responses from FBOs in retail (n = 523), service (n = 507) and industry (n = 247) sectors revealed that the majority of FBOs perceived the disclosure to promote correction of non-compliance. However, many FBOs disagreed with the grading of inspection findings. Most common topics of disagreements were maintenance of premises, record-keeping of own-check plan and adequacy and suitability of premises for operations. Logistic regression analysis showed that the likelihood of occurrence of disagreements with grading was higher among those retail and service FBOs with a lower risk perception. Similarly, the occurrence of non-compliance was associated with FBOs' risk perception in all sectors. Thus, FBOs need proper guidance on food safety risks. These results can be used to improve the efficacy of disclosed food safety inspections.

AB - Disclosure systems for official food safety inspection results have been introduced in many countries including Finland in order to increase compliance of food business operators (FBOs). Although the disclosure systems are intended to affect FBOs, few studies have been published on FBOs' experiences of these systems. To investigate FBOs' opinions of disclosed food safety inspections in Finland, a questionnaire was distributed in 2016. The questionnaire study also aimed to recognize factors affecting compliance and disagreements about gradings with a special focus on FBOs' risk perception. In total 1277 responses from FBOs in retail (n = 523), service (n = 507) and industry (n = 247) sectors revealed that the majority of FBOs perceived the disclosure to promote correction of non-compliance. However, many FBOs disagreed with the grading of inspection findings. Most common topics of disagreements were maintenance of premises, record-keeping of own-check plan and adequacy and suitability of premises for operations. Logistic regression analysis showed that the likelihood of occurrence of disagreements with grading was higher among those retail and service FBOs with a lower risk perception. Similarly, the occurrence of non-compliance was associated with FBOs' risk perception in all sectors. Thus, FBOs need proper guidance on food safety risks. These results can be used to improve the efficacy of disclosed food safety inspections.

KW - 413 Veterinary science

KW - Elintarvikehygienia

KW - Alimentary hygiene

KW - 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health

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KW - Risk perception

KW - RISK PERCEPTIONS

KW - PERCEIVED RISK

KW - PROCEDURAL JUSTICE

KW - FOODBORNE DISEASE

KW - HYGIENE

KW - KNOWLEDGE

KW - CONSUMERS

KW - HANDLERS

KW - DETERMINANTS

KW - INFORMATION

U2 - 10.1016/j.foodcont.2019.06.005

DO - 10.1016/j.foodcont.2019.06.005

M3 - Article

VL - 105

SP - 248

EP - 255

JO - Food Control

JF - Food Control

SN - 0956-7135

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