Food web and fisheries in the future Baltic Sea

Barbara Bauer, Bo Gustafsson, Kari Hyytiäinen, Markus Meier, Bärber Muller-Karulis, Sofia Saraiva, Maciej Tomczak

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

Sammanfattning

We developed numerical simulations of potential future ecological states of the Baltic Sea ecosystem at the end of century under five scenarios. We used a spatial food web (Ecospace) model, forced by a physical-biogeochemical model. The scenarios are built on consistent storylines that describe plausible developments of climatic and socioeconomic factors in the Baltic Sea region. Modelled species diversity and fish catches are driven by climate- and nutrient load-related changes in habitat quality and by fisheries management strategies. Our results suggest that a scenario including low greenhouse gas concentrations and nutrient pollution and ecologically focused fisheries management results in high biodiversity and catch value. On the other hand, scenarios envisioning increasing societal inequality or economic growth based on fossil fuels, high greenhouse gas emissions and high nutrient loads result in decreased habitat quality and diminished biodiversity. Under the latter scenarios catches are high but they predominantly consist of lower-valued fish.

Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftAmbio
Volym48
Utgåva11
Sidor (från-till)1337-1349
Antal sidor13
ISSN0044-7447
DOI
StatusPublicerad - nov 2019
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Vetenskapsgrenar

  • 1181 Ekologi, evolutionsbiologi

Citera det här

Bauer, B., Gustafsson, B., Hyytiäinen, K., Meier, M., Muller-Karulis, B., Saraiva, S., & Tomczak, M. (2019). Food web and fisheries in the future Baltic Sea. Ambio, 48(11), 1337-1349. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-019-01229-3