From a false sense of safety to resilience under uncertainty

Matti T.J. Heino, Daniele Proverbio, Kaisa Saurio, Alexander Siegenfeld, Nelli Hankonen

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Understanding and acting upon risk is notably challenging, and navigating complexity with understandings developed for stable environments may inadvertently build a false sense of safety. Neglecting the potential for non-linear change or “black swan” events – highly impactful but uncommon occurrences – may lead to naive optimisation under assumed stability, exposing systems to extreme risks. For instance, loss aversion is seen as a cognitive bias in stable environments, but it can be an evolutionarily advantageous heuristic when complete destruction is possible. This paper advocates for better accounting of non-linear change in decision-making by leveraging insights from complex systems and psychological sciences, which help to identify blindspots in conventional decision-making and to develop risk mitigation plans that are interpreted contextually. In particular, we propose a framework using attractor landscapes to visualize and interpret complex system dynamics. In this context, attractors are states toward which systems naturally evolve, while tipping points – critical thresholds between attractors – can lead to profound, unexpected changes impacting a system’s resilience and well-being. We present four generic attractor landscape types that provide a novel lens for viewing risks and opportunities, and serve as decision-making contexts. The main practical contribution is clarifying when to emphasize particular strategies – optimisation, risk mitigation, exploration, or stabilization – within this framework. Context-appropriate decision making should enhance system resilience and mitigate extreme risks.

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer1346542
TidskriftFrontiers in Psychology
Volym15
Antal sidor8
ISSN1664-1078
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2024
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

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Copyright © 2024 Heino, Proverbio, Saurio, Siegenfeld and Hankonen.

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  • 515 Psykologi

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