How do students’ mindsets in learning reflect their cultural values and predict academic achievement?

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Sammanfattning

Inspired by previous research indicating implicit beliefs about the malleability of human qualities, namely mindset, to affect learning outcomes, this article compares how Chinese and Finnish students’ mindsets and attributions for success reflect their cultural values and predict their academic achievement. The study was conducted in one Chinese (N=705) and two Finnish (N=495) middle schools utilizing Dweck’s mindset inventory, Weiner’s attribution scale and students’ school marks. The results illustrated that both Chinese and Finnish students held a growth mindset, and all identified the nature of intelligence as being more malleable than giftedness. However, Chinese students did not differentiate between intelligence and giftedness as clearly as Finnish students. Both students attributed the cause of their academic achievements to effort and ability, but placed more emphasis on effort. Furthermore, Chinese students’ preference for effort significantly accounted for higher language marks, whereas Finnish students with fixed mindsets about giftedness achieved higher mathematics marks. Cultural interpretation, implications and limitations of the results were discussed.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftInternational Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research
Volym18
Utgåva5
Sidor (från-till)111-126
Antal sidor16
ISSN1694-2493
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 31 maj 2019
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

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