How students see the role of science and technology in solving humanitarian and environmental problems?

Veli-Matti Vesterinen, Sakari Petteri Tolppanen, Maija Katariina Aksela

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Sammanfattning

One aspect of scientific and technological literacy is to understanding the impact scientific research as well as existing and emerging technologies will have
upon cultural development, as well as the potential and actual consequences these technologies will have upon the environment. Although such goals have been a part of science curricula all around the world, there is a lack of research in how students perceive the relationships between science, technology, society and environment. In this qualitative case study, we investigated how a group of 35 international gifted students–possible future scientists–aged 15 to 19 perceive the role of science in solving the humanitarian and environmental problems humanity is currently facing. Interviewed students recognized both environmental and humanitarian issues. And although many students saw that science and technology plays a big role especially in solving the environmental problems, most of them also discussed the structural causes for problems, as well as the interplay of social, economic, and political forces.Science and technology were discussed mainly from two perspectives. The first was focused on research and science as production of new technologies. The other
perspective focused on science as a producer of knowledge. Results show that the interviewed future scientists are able and willing to explore the societal values, beliefs and values that both constrain and promote science and technological developments. If our intent is to produce students with not just adequate skills for coping in a society, but critical citizens and scientists taking part in saving the world, there is a need for science education, which critically considers also the premises of scientific practice.
Bidragets titel på inmatningsspråkKuinka nuoret näkevät tieteen ja teknologian roolin humanitaaristen ja ympäristöhaasteiden ratkaisemisessa?
Originalspråkengelska
Titel på gästpublikationScience Education Research : Engaging learners for a sustainable future
RedaktörerJari Lavonen, Kalle Juuti, Jarkko Lampiselkä, Anna Uitto, Kaisa Hahl
Antal sidor7
UtgivningsortHelsinki
FörlagUniversity of Helsinki
Utgivningsdatum2016
Sidor1167-1173
ISBN (elektroniskt)978-951-51-1541-6
StatusPublicerad - 2016
MoE-publikationstypA4 Artikel i en konferenspublikation
EvenemangEuropean Science Education Research Association Conference - Helsinki, Finland
Varaktighet: 31 aug 20154 sep 2015
Konferensnummer: 11

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