Fossil records indicate that major evolutionary changes such as; speciation, upright walking, increased brain size, dispersal events, and tool use most probably first occurred in the eastern Africa. Multi-disciplinary approaches to the study of human evolution, new and varied proxy data from different fields, and increased accuracy in dating methods permits sharper correlations between environmental changes and human evolution. Recent studies show that major changes in human evolution have been strongly influenced by environmental and atmospheric factors which were mediated by changes in orbital forcing and tectonic events in the Great Rift Valley over the last 10 million years. This review focuses on mapping the potential environmental and paleoclimatic driving factors that shaped human evolution in East Africa and examines evolutionary models based on different temporal and geographic scales that integrate these changes into human evolution. Collaborative studies between geology, paleoecology, paleoclimatology, paleontology, and paleoanthropology will continue to provide the optimum framework in order to understand the relationships between environmental/climate change and human evolution.
|Status||Publicerad - 2016|
- 1181 Ekologi, evolutionsbiologi