Hunter-gatherer farming during the first millennium BCE in inland, boreal landscapes: new pollen analytical and archaeological evidence from Dalarna, central Sweden

Joakim Wehlin, Magnus O. Ljunge, Petter I. Larsson, Sigrún Dögg Eddudóttir, Anneli Ekblom, Jemt Anna Eriksson

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review


The archaeological evidence of a sedentary hunter-gatherer society during the early metal ages, i.e. the first and second millennia bce, in the central Scandinavian boreal inlands has previously been overlooked. In order to gain a deeper understanding of these past societies we have combined archaeological data with landscape-scale changes based on pollen records. The combined record clearly indicates landscape use characterized by domestication strategies that started during the Late Bronze Age ca. 1000 bce and further intensified during the Early Iron Age. Indications of cultivation of plants, as well as possible burning practices to clear shrub and forest, clearly show that arable farming and grazing were practiced in the area earlier than had previously been assumed. The farming economy seems to have involved mainly small scale arable farming. Fishing and hunting continued to be important, but the investment in the landscape shown by both pitfall systems and agriculture also express a domestication that would have required settled presence.
TidskriftVegetation History and Archaeobotany
Sidor (från-till)615-633
Antal sidor19
StatusPublicerad - 10 aug. 2023
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad


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