Hygienic quality of stem fractions of mechanically processed fibre hemp and linseed

Hanna-Riitta Kymäläinen, Minna Nykter, Mikko Hautala, Anna-Maija Sjöberg

    Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

    Sammanfattning

    Bast fibre is the most important fraction of bast fibre plants for technical products, i.e. thermal insulations and packaging materials. The hygienic quality of the various fractions of bast fibre plants is of interest ill thermal insulations, because it may affect the quality of indoor air. Packaging materials may be associated e.g. with foodstuffs, which highlights the importance of hygienic quality. The aim of this study was to screen the hygienic quality, determined as microbial content, of mechanically fractionated fibre hemp and linseed plants harvested in the autumn before frost, after early frost and in spring. In addition, the possible correlation between microbes and ash was investigated. Two plant species, fibre hemp and linseed were studied. The plants were Cultivated in Siuntio in southern Finland during the years 2002 and 2003, harvested in autumn or in spring and mechanically fractionated. The microbial contents of the fractions were examined by measuring the total number of microbes using Hygicult (R) growing slides. The microbial content of fractions of fibre hemp and linseed varied between 10(3) and 10(9) cfu/g(dw). The fibre of hemp harvested after early frost or in spring had the lowest amount of moulds, but during winter and spring the amounts of bacteria and yeasts increased in hemp. Mechanically separated fibre and shive contained less microbes than the stalk. Ash contents of all examined samples of stems and stem fractions varied between 1% and 14%. The fibre after fractionating had a lower ash content (2.3-3.3%) than that of stems (4.4-6.9%) harvested in the autumn. The ash content of stern and shive decreased to 1.6% during winter, the ash content of fibre being even somewhat lower (0.9%). No correlation was observed between the contents of microbes and ash.
    Originalspråkengelska
    TidskriftAgricultural and Food Science
    Volym14
    Utgåva2
    Sidor (från-till)143-153
    Antal sidor11
    ISSN1459-6067
    StatusPublicerad - 2005
    MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

    Vetenskapsgrenar

    • 222 Övrig teknik och teknologi
    • kuitukasvit
    • hamppu
    • pellavat
    • öljypellava
    • kuidut
    • laatu
    • hygienia
    • mikro-organismit
    • microorganisms
    • fibre crops
    • fibres
    • Linum usitatissimum
    • flax
    • Cannabis sativa
    • hemp
    • quality
    • purity
    • packaging materials
    • insulation
    • hygiene

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