Impact of land cover change on aboveground carbon stocks in Afromontane landscape in Kenya

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Land cover change takes place in sub-Saharan Africa as forests and shrublands are converted to agricultural lands in order to meet the needs of growing population. Changes in land cover also impact carbon sequestration in vegetation cover with an influence on climate on continental scale. The impact of land cover change on tree aboveground carbon stocks was studied in Taita Hills, Kenya. The land cover change between 1987 and 2011 for four points of time was assessed using SPOT satellite imagery, while the carbon density in various land cover types was assessed with field measurements, allometric biomass functions and airborne laser scanning data. Finally, the mean carbon densities of land cover types were combined with land cover maps resulting in carbon stock values for given land cover types for each point of time studied. Expansion of croplands has been taking place since 1987 and before on the cost of thickets and shrublands, especially on the foothills and lowlands. Due to the land cover changes, the carbon stock of trees was decreasing until 2003, after which there has been an increase. The findings of the research is supported by forest transition model, which emphasizes increase of awareness of forests' role in providing ecosystem services, such as habitats for pollinators, water harvesting and storage at the same time when economic reasons in making land-use choices between cropland and woodland, and governmental legislation supports trees on farms.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftApplied Geography
Volym94
Sidor (från-till)178-189
Antal sidor12
ISSN0143-6228
DOI
StatusPublicerad - maj 2018
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

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title = "Impact of land cover change on aboveground carbon stocks in Afromontane landscape in Kenya",
abstract = "Land cover change takes place in sub-Saharan Africa as forests and shrublands are converted to agricultural lands in order to meet the needs of growing population. Changes in land cover also impact carbon sequestration in vegetation cover with an influence on climate on continental scale. The impact of land cover change on tree aboveground carbon stocks was studied in Taita Hills, Kenya. The land cover change between 1987 and 2011 for four points of time was assessed using SPOT satellite imagery, while the carbon density in various land cover types was assessed with field measurements, allometric biomass functions and airborne laser scanning data. Finally, the mean carbon densities of land cover types were combined with land cover maps resulting in carbon stock values for given land cover types for each point of time studied. Expansion of croplands has been taking place since 1987 and before on the cost of thickets and shrublands, especially on the foothills and lowlands. Due to the land cover changes, the carbon stock of trees was decreasing until 2003, after which there has been an increase. The findings of the research is supported by forest transition model, which emphasizes increase of awareness of forests' role in providing ecosystem services, such as habitats for pollinators, water harvesting and storage at the same time when economic reasons in making land-use choices between cropland and woodland, and governmental legislation supports trees on farms.",
keywords = "Land cover change, Biomass, Aboveground carbon, Laser scanning, Ecosystem services, Forest transition, Taita Hills, Kenya, 1171 Geosciences",
author = "P.K.E. Pellikka and V. Heikinheimo and J. Hietanen and E. Sch{\"a}fer and M. Siljander and J. Heiskanen",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
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pages = "178--189",
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Impact of land cover change on aboveground carbon stocks in Afromontane landscape in Kenya. / Pellikka, P.K.E.; Heikinheimo, V.; Hietanen, J.; Schäfer, E.; Siljander, M.; Heiskanen, J.

I: Applied Geography, Vol. 94, 05.2018, s. 178-189.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of land cover change on aboveground carbon stocks in Afromontane landscape in Kenya

AU - Pellikka, P.K.E.

AU - Heikinheimo, V.

AU - Hietanen, J.

AU - Schäfer, E.

AU - Siljander, M.

AU - Heiskanen, J.

PY - 2018/5

Y1 - 2018/5

N2 - Land cover change takes place in sub-Saharan Africa as forests and shrublands are converted to agricultural lands in order to meet the needs of growing population. Changes in land cover also impact carbon sequestration in vegetation cover with an influence on climate on continental scale. The impact of land cover change on tree aboveground carbon stocks was studied in Taita Hills, Kenya. The land cover change between 1987 and 2011 for four points of time was assessed using SPOT satellite imagery, while the carbon density in various land cover types was assessed with field measurements, allometric biomass functions and airborne laser scanning data. Finally, the mean carbon densities of land cover types were combined with land cover maps resulting in carbon stock values for given land cover types for each point of time studied. Expansion of croplands has been taking place since 1987 and before on the cost of thickets and shrublands, especially on the foothills and lowlands. Due to the land cover changes, the carbon stock of trees was decreasing until 2003, after which there has been an increase. The findings of the research is supported by forest transition model, which emphasizes increase of awareness of forests' role in providing ecosystem services, such as habitats for pollinators, water harvesting and storage at the same time when economic reasons in making land-use choices between cropland and woodland, and governmental legislation supports trees on farms.

AB - Land cover change takes place in sub-Saharan Africa as forests and shrublands are converted to agricultural lands in order to meet the needs of growing population. Changes in land cover also impact carbon sequestration in vegetation cover with an influence on climate on continental scale. The impact of land cover change on tree aboveground carbon stocks was studied in Taita Hills, Kenya. The land cover change between 1987 and 2011 for four points of time was assessed using SPOT satellite imagery, while the carbon density in various land cover types was assessed with field measurements, allometric biomass functions and airborne laser scanning data. Finally, the mean carbon densities of land cover types were combined with land cover maps resulting in carbon stock values for given land cover types for each point of time studied. Expansion of croplands has been taking place since 1987 and before on the cost of thickets and shrublands, especially on the foothills and lowlands. Due to the land cover changes, the carbon stock of trees was decreasing until 2003, after which there has been an increase. The findings of the research is supported by forest transition model, which emphasizes increase of awareness of forests' role in providing ecosystem services, such as habitats for pollinators, water harvesting and storage at the same time when economic reasons in making land-use choices between cropland and woodland, and governmental legislation supports trees on farms.

KW - Land cover change

KW - Biomass

KW - Aboveground carbon

KW - Laser scanning

KW - Ecosystem services

KW - Forest transition

KW - Taita Hills

KW - Kenya

KW - 1171 Geosciences

U2 - 10.1016/j.apgeog.2018.03.017

DO - 10.1016/j.apgeog.2018.03.017

M3 - Article

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SP - 178

EP - 189

JO - Applied Geography

JF - Applied Geography

SN - 0143-6228

ER -