Introduction: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a growth factor in the central nervous system. There is evidence for the involvement of BDNF in addictions and mental disorders. We aimed to replicate the earlier reported association of a functional genetic variant of BDNF with smoking initiation (SI) using a large population-based sample and to test whether the association is independent of depression.
Methods: Our sample was drawn from the Finnish population-based FINRISK surveys conducted in 1992, 1997, 2002, and 2007. We had nonmissing data on the genotype BDNF Val66Met (G/A) variant (rs6265) and self-reported never (n = 10 619) versus ever (n = 16 028) smoking among 26 647 adults aged 25-74 years. The association between BDNF Val66Met and SI was modeled using logistic regression adjusted for age and sex, and in secondary analyses also for depression. Depression was defined as self-reported depression diagnosed or treated by physician during the past year.
Results:The sex- and age-adjusted analysis confirmed that the major (Val) allele increased the risk of being a lifetime ever smoker (per allele odds ratio [OR] = 1.07; 95% CI = 1.01 to 1.12; p =.01). When depression, which itself was significantly associated with SI (OR = 1.58; 95% CI = 1.37 to 1.82; p
Conclusions: In a Finnish population sample, we replicated the earlier reported association of BDNF Val66Met with SI. Our data further suggest that this association is independent of depression.
- 3142 Folkhälsovetenskap, miljö och arbetshälsa