Linking phloem function on structure: analysis with a copled xylem-phloem transport model

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Sammanfattning

We carried out a theoretical analysis of phloem transport based on Munch hypothesis by developing a coupled xylem-phloem transport model. Results showed that the maximum sugar transport rate of the phloem was limited by solution viscosity and that transport requirements were strongly affected by prevailing xylem water potential. The minimum number of xylem and phloem conduits required to sustain transpiration and assimilation, respectively, were calculated. At its maximum sugar transport rate, the phloem functioned with a high turgor pressure difference between the sugar sources and sinks but the turgor pressure difference was reduced if additional parallel conduits were added or solute relays were introduced. Solute relays were shown to decrease the number of parallel sieve tubes needed for phloem transport, leading to a more uniform turgor pressure and allowing faster information transmission within the phloem. Because xylem water potential affected both xylem and phloem transport, the conductance of the two systems was found to be coupled such that large structural investments in the xylem reduced the need for investment in the phloem and vice versa. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftJournal of Theoretical Biology
Volym259
Utgåva2
Sidor (från-till)325-337
Antal sidor13
ISSN0022-5193
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2009
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Vetenskapsgrenar

  • 411 Jordbruks- och skogsvetenskaper

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title = "Linking phloem function on structure: analysis with a copled xylem-phloem transport model",
abstract = "We carried out a theoretical analysis of phloem transport based on Munch hypothesis by developing a coupled xylem-phloem transport model. Results showed that the maximum sugar transport rate of the phloem was limited by solution viscosity and that transport requirements were strongly affected by prevailing xylem water potential. The minimum number of xylem and phloem conduits required to sustain transpiration and assimilation, respectively, were calculated. At its maximum sugar transport rate, the phloem functioned with a high turgor pressure difference between the sugar sources and sinks but the turgor pressure difference was reduced if additional parallel conduits were added or solute relays were introduced. Solute relays were shown to decrease the number of parallel sieve tubes needed for phloem transport, leading to a more uniform turgor pressure and allowing faster information transmission within the phloem. Because xylem water potential affected both xylem and phloem transport, the conductance of the two systems was found to be coupled such that large structural investments in the xylem reduced the need for investment in the phloem and vice versa. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
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Linking phloem function on structure : analysis with a copled xylem-phloem transport model. / Hölttä, Teemu; Mencuccini, M; Nikinmaa, Eero.

I: Journal of Theoretical Biology, Vol. 259, Nr. 2, 2009, s. 325-337.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

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N2 - We carried out a theoretical analysis of phloem transport based on Munch hypothesis by developing a coupled xylem-phloem transport model. Results showed that the maximum sugar transport rate of the phloem was limited by solution viscosity and that transport requirements were strongly affected by prevailing xylem water potential. The minimum number of xylem and phloem conduits required to sustain transpiration and assimilation, respectively, were calculated. At its maximum sugar transport rate, the phloem functioned with a high turgor pressure difference between the sugar sources and sinks but the turgor pressure difference was reduced if additional parallel conduits were added or solute relays were introduced. Solute relays were shown to decrease the number of parallel sieve tubes needed for phloem transport, leading to a more uniform turgor pressure and allowing faster information transmission within the phloem. Because xylem water potential affected both xylem and phloem transport, the conductance of the two systems was found to be coupled such that large structural investments in the xylem reduced the need for investment in the phloem and vice versa. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - We carried out a theoretical analysis of phloem transport based on Munch hypothesis by developing a coupled xylem-phloem transport model. Results showed that the maximum sugar transport rate of the phloem was limited by solution viscosity and that transport requirements were strongly affected by prevailing xylem water potential. The minimum number of xylem and phloem conduits required to sustain transpiration and assimilation, respectively, were calculated. At its maximum sugar transport rate, the phloem functioned with a high turgor pressure difference between the sugar sources and sinks but the turgor pressure difference was reduced if additional parallel conduits were added or solute relays were introduced. Solute relays were shown to decrease the number of parallel sieve tubes needed for phloem transport, leading to a more uniform turgor pressure and allowing faster information transmission within the phloem. Because xylem water potential affected both xylem and phloem transport, the conductance of the two systems was found to be coupled such that large structural investments in the xylem reduced the need for investment in the phloem and vice versa. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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