Mega-irrigation and neoliberalism in postcolonial states: Evolution and crisis in the Gharb Plain, Morocco

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Sammanfattning

This article explores the development, evolution and impacts of large-scale irrigation schemes in the formation of the postcolonial state of Morocco and in more recent neoliberal decades. In particular, the article focuses on the Gharb Plain in the Sebou River basin, which was targeted by huge investments to become the core region for national development. In this area, three stages of development – colonial, early independent, and the aggressive politique des grandes barrages post-1970 – have created two clearly different and successive landscapes. The traditional landscape has been overlain, and largely obliterated, by colonial and postcolonial governmental landscapes, reflected through different spatial, economic, cultural, and political patterns over time. In the present, a fourth stage of neoliberal development is occurring in the landscape, in which diffused poverty and ecosystem collapse coincide with greater concentrated wealth and the building of technological infrastructures. The article aims to complement critical studies on neoliberal environments, by focusing in particular on the manipulation, dispossession and commodification of water and land resources in irrigated agriculture in Morocco. These emerging rationalities are closely related to the changing policies of the contemporary Moroccan state.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftGeografiska annaler. Ser. B, Human geography
Volym94
Utgåva3
Sidor (från-till)269-286
Antal sidor18
ISSN0435-3684
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2012
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

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