Multifocal Integration and Marginalisation: A Theoretical Model and an Empirical Study on Three Immigrant Groups

Teemu Kemppainen, Laura Kemppainen, Hannamaria Kuusio, Shadia Rask, Pasi Saukkonen

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review


Recent sociological discussions have examined the classic theme of social integration from the point of view of belonging and multiple solidarities. As a research topic, migration importantly elucidates these general sociological questions. Literature on migration, integration and transnationalism lacks an encompassing theoretical model, which limits our understanding of complex integration processes. We propose a multifocal model of migrant integration including three key foci of integration: the host society; transnational sphere; and co-ethnic community in the host society. Moreover, the model considers integration in terms of different dimensions. With this model, we define multifocal marginalisation and study Russian, Kurdish and Somali migrants in Finland. We find that the different foci do not compete with each other, but are in a moderate positive relationship. There are clear group differences in integration patterns. Determinants of multifocal marginalisation include Kurdish background, weak Internet skills and older age. Discussion themes include belonging and social change.
Sidor (från-till)782-805
Antal sidor24
StatusPublicerad - aug 2020
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad


  • 5141 Sociologi

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