Neuropsychological sequelae of acute-onset sporadic viral encephalitis

Laura Hokkanen, Jyrki Launes

    Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikelVetenskapligPeer review

    Sammanfattning

    Acute encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain parenchyma. In the USA, by estimation, 20,000 cases occur every year. A variety of cognitive deficits may persist after the acute stage, and they are often the sole cause of disability. Recent literature demonstrates the heterogeneity of both mnestic disorders and the outcome following encephalitis. Herpes simplex virus is the most commonly recognised single aetiology of sporadic encephalitis and it may be the cause of the most severe symptoms. Antiviral medication, however, seems to have improved the cognitive outcome when compared to the historical, untreated cases. The cognitive sequelae following herpes simplex virus encephalitis (HSVE) are best known and most commonly described, e.g., in textbooks, but they do not represent the typical symptomatology of encephalitis in general. Much less is unfortunately known about other types of encephalitis, those that account perhaps up to 80% of all cases, where both mild and severe defects have been observed. This article summarises the current knowledge.
    Originalspråkengelska
    TidskriftNeuropsychological Rehabilitation
    Volym17
    Utgåva4/5
    Sidor (från-till)450-477
    Antal sidor28
    ISSN0960-2011
    DOI
    StatusPublicerad - 2007
    MoE-publikationstypA2 Granska artikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift

    Vetenskapsgrenar

    • 515 Psykologi
    • aivotulehdus
    • neuropsykologia

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