This paper explores the question of ‘speaking for those not present’ in global justice movements, through the prism of how political representation has been tackled in Marxist and anarchist traditions. It argues that a generalized dismissal of representational politics leaves power with too many places to hide and sets unnecessary limits to political imagination. It makes an interpretation of the anarchist principle of prefiguration that does not exclude political representation, suggesting that the exclusion may imply a class bias. This interpretation provides the basis for analyzing two different ways recent social movements and scholars have been moving beyond strict assumptions of horizontality and opening new possibilities to imagine and practice representation. Using examples mostly from Latin America, a distinction will be made between the more classical state-centric routes to representation and the less theorized alternatives of non-state politics of representation. Finally, the article will reflect on the possibilities to approach global democratization from a non-state-centric perspective, tentatively called transnational libertarian socialism.
- 517 Statsvetenskap