Oocyte-expressed genes affecting ovulation rate

K. P. McNatty, P. Smith, L. G. Moore, K. Reader, S. Lun, J. P. Hanrahan, N. P. Groome, Mika Laitinen, O. Ritvos, J. L. Juengel

    Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikelVetenskapligPeer review

    Sammanfattning

    "From examination of inherited patterns of ovulation rate in sheep, several breeds have been identified with point mutations in two growth factor genes (BMP15 and GDF9) and a related receptor (ALK6) that are expressed in oocytes. Five different point mutations have been identified in the BMP15 gene, one in GDF9 and one in ALK6. Animals heterozygous for these mutations or heterozygous for two of these mutations or homozygous for the ALK6 mutation have higher ovulation rates (i.e. +0.6-10) than their wild-type contemporaries. Animals homozygous for the BMP15 or GDF9 mutations are sterile due to arrested follicular development from the primary stage of growth. The BMP15 and GDF9 mutations are thought to result in reduced levels of mature protein or altered binding to cell-surface receptors. In sheep, GDF9 mRNA is present in germ cells before and after ovarian follicular formation as well as throughout follicular growth, whereas BMP15 mRNA is found in oocytes only from the primary stage of growth. Also ALK6 together with related cell-surface receptors such as ALK5 and BMPRII mRNA are present in oocytes at most, if not all, stages of follicular growth. Both GDF9 and BMP 15 proteins are present in follicular fluid indicating that they are secreted products. Immunisation of sheep with GDF9 or BMP15 peptides shows that both growth factors are essential for follicular development, ovulation and/or corpus luteum formation. In animals with the ALK6 mutation, ovarian follicles undergo precocious maturation leading to three to seven follicles ovulating at smaller diameters without any increase above wild-types in the ovarian secretions of steroid or inhibin. One important consequence of the ALK6 mutation appears to be a decreased ability of some BMPs to inhibit differentiation of follicular cells. Current findings in sheep suggest that BMP15, GDF9 and ALK6 are targets for new methods of fertility regulation in some mammals. © 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved."
    Originalspråkengelska
    TidskriftMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
    Volym234
    Utgåva1-2
    Sidor (från-till)57-66
    Antal sidor10
    ISSN0303-7207
    DOI
    StatusPublicerad - 2005
    MoE-publikationstypA2 Granska artikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift

    Vetenskapsgrenar

    • 3121 Inre medicin

    Citera det här

    McNatty, K. P., Smith, P., Moore, L. G., Reader, K., Lun, S., Hanrahan, J. P., ... Juengel, J. L. (2005). Oocyte-expressed genes affecting ovulation rate. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, 234(1-2), 57-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mce.2004.08.013
    McNatty, K. P. ; Smith, P. ; Moore, L. G. ; Reader, K. ; Lun, S. ; Hanrahan, J. P. ; Groome, N. P. ; Laitinen, Mika ; Ritvos, O. ; Juengel, J. L. / Oocyte-expressed genes affecting ovulation rate. I: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology. 2005 ; Vol. 234, Nr. 1-2. s. 57-66.
    @article{44cbdc3437264cc7bce9283f2e93214d,
    title = "Oocyte-expressed genes affecting ovulation rate",
    abstract = "{"}From examination of inherited patterns of ovulation rate in sheep, several breeds have been identified with point mutations in two growth factor genes (BMP15 and GDF9) and a related receptor (ALK6) that are expressed in oocytes. Five different point mutations have been identified in the BMP15 gene, one in GDF9 and one in ALK6. Animals heterozygous for these mutations or heterozygous for two of these mutations or homozygous for the ALK6 mutation have higher ovulation rates (i.e. +0.6-10) than their wild-type contemporaries. Animals homozygous for the BMP15 or GDF9 mutations are sterile due to arrested follicular development from the primary stage of growth. The BMP15 and GDF9 mutations are thought to result in reduced levels of mature protein or altered binding to cell-surface receptors. In sheep, GDF9 mRNA is present in germ cells before and after ovarian follicular formation as well as throughout follicular growth, whereas BMP15 mRNA is found in oocytes only from the primary stage of growth. Also ALK6 together with related cell-surface receptors such as ALK5 and BMPRII mRNA are present in oocytes at most, if not all, stages of follicular growth. Both GDF9 and BMP 15 proteins are present in follicular fluid indicating that they are secreted products. Immunisation of sheep with GDF9 or BMP15 peptides shows that both growth factors are essential for follicular development, ovulation and/or corpus luteum formation. In animals with the ALK6 mutation, ovarian follicles undergo precocious maturation leading to three to seven follicles ovulating at smaller diameters without any increase above wild-types in the ovarian secretions of steroid or inhibin. One important consequence of the ALK6 mutation appears to be a decreased ability of some BMPs to inhibit differentiation of follicular cells. Current findings in sheep suggest that BMP15, GDF9 and ALK6 are targets for new methods of fertility regulation in some mammals. © 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.{"}",
    keywords = "3121 Internal medicine",
    author = "McNatty, {K. P.} and P. Smith and Moore, {L. G.} and K. Reader and S. Lun and Hanrahan, {J. P.} and Groome, {N. P.} and Mika Laitinen and O. Ritvos and Juengel, {J. L.}",
    year = "2005",
    doi = "10.1016/j.mce.2004.08.013",
    language = "English",
    volume = "234",
    pages = "57--66",
    journal = "Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology",
    issn = "0303-7207",
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    McNatty, KP, Smith, P, Moore, LG, Reader, K, Lun, S, Hanrahan, JP, Groome, NP, Laitinen, M, Ritvos, O & Juengel, JL 2005, 'Oocyte-expressed genes affecting ovulation rate', Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, vol. 234, nr. 1-2, s. 57-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mce.2004.08.013

    Oocyte-expressed genes affecting ovulation rate. / McNatty, K. P.; Smith, P.; Moore, L. G.; Reader, K. ; Lun, S.; Hanrahan, J. P.; Groome, N. P.; Laitinen, Mika; Ritvos, O.; Juengel, J. L.

    I: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Vol. 234, Nr. 1-2, 2005, s. 57-66.

    Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikelVetenskapligPeer review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Oocyte-expressed genes affecting ovulation rate

    AU - McNatty, K. P.

    AU - Smith, P.

    AU - Moore, L. G.

    AU - Reader, K.

    AU - Lun, S.

    AU - Hanrahan, J. P.

    AU - Groome, N. P.

    AU - Laitinen, Mika

    AU - Ritvos, O.

    AU - Juengel, J. L.

    PY - 2005

    Y1 - 2005

    N2 - "From examination of inherited patterns of ovulation rate in sheep, several breeds have been identified with point mutations in two growth factor genes (BMP15 and GDF9) and a related receptor (ALK6) that are expressed in oocytes. Five different point mutations have been identified in the BMP15 gene, one in GDF9 and one in ALK6. Animals heterozygous for these mutations or heterozygous for two of these mutations or homozygous for the ALK6 mutation have higher ovulation rates (i.e. +0.6-10) than their wild-type contemporaries. Animals homozygous for the BMP15 or GDF9 mutations are sterile due to arrested follicular development from the primary stage of growth. The BMP15 and GDF9 mutations are thought to result in reduced levels of mature protein or altered binding to cell-surface receptors. In sheep, GDF9 mRNA is present in germ cells before and after ovarian follicular formation as well as throughout follicular growth, whereas BMP15 mRNA is found in oocytes only from the primary stage of growth. Also ALK6 together with related cell-surface receptors such as ALK5 and BMPRII mRNA are present in oocytes at most, if not all, stages of follicular growth. Both GDF9 and BMP 15 proteins are present in follicular fluid indicating that they are secreted products. Immunisation of sheep with GDF9 or BMP15 peptides shows that both growth factors are essential for follicular development, ovulation and/or corpus luteum formation. In animals with the ALK6 mutation, ovarian follicles undergo precocious maturation leading to three to seven follicles ovulating at smaller diameters without any increase above wild-types in the ovarian secretions of steroid or inhibin. One important consequence of the ALK6 mutation appears to be a decreased ability of some BMPs to inhibit differentiation of follicular cells. Current findings in sheep suggest that BMP15, GDF9 and ALK6 are targets for new methods of fertility regulation in some mammals. © 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved."

    AB - "From examination of inherited patterns of ovulation rate in sheep, several breeds have been identified with point mutations in two growth factor genes (BMP15 and GDF9) and a related receptor (ALK6) that are expressed in oocytes. Five different point mutations have been identified in the BMP15 gene, one in GDF9 and one in ALK6. Animals heterozygous for these mutations or heterozygous for two of these mutations or homozygous for the ALK6 mutation have higher ovulation rates (i.e. +0.6-10) than their wild-type contemporaries. Animals homozygous for the BMP15 or GDF9 mutations are sterile due to arrested follicular development from the primary stage of growth. The BMP15 and GDF9 mutations are thought to result in reduced levels of mature protein or altered binding to cell-surface receptors. In sheep, GDF9 mRNA is present in germ cells before and after ovarian follicular formation as well as throughout follicular growth, whereas BMP15 mRNA is found in oocytes only from the primary stage of growth. Also ALK6 together with related cell-surface receptors such as ALK5 and BMPRII mRNA are present in oocytes at most, if not all, stages of follicular growth. Both GDF9 and BMP 15 proteins are present in follicular fluid indicating that they are secreted products. Immunisation of sheep with GDF9 or BMP15 peptides shows that both growth factors are essential for follicular development, ovulation and/or corpus luteum formation. In animals with the ALK6 mutation, ovarian follicles undergo precocious maturation leading to three to seven follicles ovulating at smaller diameters without any increase above wild-types in the ovarian secretions of steroid or inhibin. One important consequence of the ALK6 mutation appears to be a decreased ability of some BMPs to inhibit differentiation of follicular cells. Current findings in sheep suggest that BMP15, GDF9 and ALK6 are targets for new methods of fertility regulation in some mammals. © 2005 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved."

    KW - 3121 Internal medicine

    U2 - 10.1016/j.mce.2004.08.013

    DO - 10.1016/j.mce.2004.08.013

    M3 - Review Article

    VL - 234

    SP - 57

    EP - 66

    JO - Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology

    JF - Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology

    SN - 0303-7207

    IS - 1-2

    ER -

    McNatty KP, Smith P, Moore LG, Reader K, Lun S, Hanrahan JP et al. Oocyte-expressed genes affecting ovulation rate. Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology. 2005;234(1-2):57-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mce.2004.08.013