Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX): towards a holistic understanding of the feedbacks and interactions in the land–atmosphere–ocean–society continuum in the northern Eurasian region

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The Northern Eurasian regions and Arctic Ocean will very likely undergo substantial changes during the next decades. The arctic-boreal natural environments play a crucial role in the global climate via the albedo change, carbon sources and sinks, as well as atmospheric aerosol production via biogenic volatile organic compounds. Furthermore, it is expected that the global trade activities, demographic movement and use of natural resources will be increasing in the Arctic regions. There is a need for a novel research approach, which not only identifies and tackles the relevant multi-disciplinary research questions, but is also able to make a holistic system analysis of the expected feedbacks. In this paper, we introduce the research agenda of the Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX), a multi-scale, multi-disciplinary and international program started in 2012 (https://www.atm.helsinki.fi/peex/). PEEX is setting a research approach where large-scale research topics are investigated from a system perspective and which aims to fill the key gaps in our understanding of the feedbacks and interactions between the land–atmosphere–aquatic–society continuum in the Northern Eurasian region. We introduce here the state of the art of the key topics in the PEEX research agenda and give the future prospects of the research which we see relevant in this context.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Volym16
Utgåva22
Sidor (från-till)14421-14461
Antal sidor41
ISSN1680-7316
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 22 nov 2016
MoE-publikationstypA2 Granska artikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift

Bibliografisk information

Contributors:

Hanna K. Lappalainen1,2, Veli-Matti Kerminen1, Tuukka Petäjä1, Theo Kurten3, Aleksander Baklanov4,5, Anatoly Shvidenko6, Jaana Bäck7, Timo Vihma2, Pavel Alekseychik1, Stephen Arnold8, Mikhail Arshinov9, Eija Asmi2, Boris Belan9, Leonid Bobylev10, Sergey Chalov11, Yafang Cheng12, Natalia Chubarova11, Gerrit de Leeuw1,2, Aijun Ding13, Sergey Dobrolyubov11, Sergei Dubtsov14, Egor Dyukarev15, Nikolai Elansky16, Kostas Eleftheriadis17, Igor Esau18, Nikolay Filatov19, Mikhail Flint20, Congbin Fu13, Olga Glezer21, Aleksander Gliko22, Martin Heimann23, Albert A. M. Holtslag24, Urmas Hõrrak25, Juha Janhunen26, Sirkku Juhola27, Leena Järvi1, Heikki Järvinen1, Anna Kanukhina28, Pavel Konstantinov11, Vladimir Kotlyakov29, Antti-Jussi Kieloaho1, Alexander S. Komarov30, Joni Kujansuu1, Ilmo Kukkonen31, Ella Kyrö1, Ari Laaksonen2, Tuomas Laurila2, Heikki Lihavainen2, Alexander Lisitzin32, Aleksander Mahura5, Alexander Makshtas33, Evgeny Mareev34, Stephany Mazon1, Dmitry Matishov35,†, Vladimir Melnikov36, Eugene Mikhailov37, Dmitri Moisseev1, Robert Nigmatulin33, Steffen M. Noe38, Anne Ojala7, Mari Pihlatie1, Olga Popovicheva39, Jukka Pumpanen40, Tatjana Regerand19, Irina Repina16, Aleksei Shcherbinin27, Vladimir Shevchenko33, Mikko Sipilä1, Andrey Skorokhod16, Dominick V. Spracklen8, Hang Su12, Dmitry A. Subetto19, Junying Sun41, Arkady Yu Terzhevik19, Yuri Timofeyev42, Yuliya Troitskaya34, Veli-Pekka Tynkkynen42, Viacheslav I. Kharuk43, Nina Zaytseva22, Jiahua Zhang44, Yrjö Viisanen2, Timo Vesala1, Pertti Hari7, Hans Christen Hansson45, Gennady G. Matvienko9, Nikolai S. Kasimov11, Huadong Guo44, Valery Bondur46, Sergej Zilitinkevich1,2,11,34, and Markku Kulmala1

1Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
2Finnish Meteorological Institute, Research and Development, 00101 Helsinki, Finland
3Department of Chemistry, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
4World Meteorological Organization, 1211 Genève, Switzerland
5Danish Meteorological Institute, Research and Development Department, 2100, Copenhagen
6International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, 2361 Laxenburg, Austria
7Department of Forest Sciences, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
8Institute for Climate and Atmospheric Science, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK
9Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk 634021, Russia
10Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, St. Petersburg, Russia
11Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography, Moscow 119899, Russia
12Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, 55128 Mainz, Germany
13Institute for Climate and Global Change Research & School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, 210023 Nanjing, China
14Institute of Chemical Kinetics & Combustion, Russian Academy of Sciences, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
15Institute of Monitoring of Climatic & Ecological Systems SB RAS, 634055 Tomsk, Russia
16A. M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
17National Centre of Scientific Research "DEMOKRITOS", Greece
18Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center/Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, 5006 Bergen, Norway
19Northern Water Problems Institute, Karelian Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences,185003 Petrozavodsk, Russia
20P. P. Shirshov, Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117997 Moscow, Russia
21Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
22Depart ment of Earth Sciences of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119991, Moscow, Russia
23Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry, 07745 Jena, Germany
24Wageningen University, 6708 Wageningen, Nederland
25Institute of Physics, University of Tartu, 18 Ülikooli St., 50090 Tartu, Estonia
26University of Helsinki, Department of World Cultures, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
27Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
28Russian State Hydrometeorological University, 195196 Saint Petersburg, Russia
29Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
30Institute of Physico-chemical & Biological Problems in Soil Science, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142290 Institutskaya, Russia
31University of Helsinki, Geophysics and Astronomy, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
32Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117997 Moscow, Russia
33Actic & Antarctic Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg 199397, Russia
34Department of Radiophysics, Nizhny Novgorod State University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
35Southern Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, Rostov on Don, Russia
36Tyumen Scientific Center, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Science, Russia
37Saint Petersburg State University, 7/9 Universitetskaya nab., St. Petersburg, 199034 Russia
38Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
39Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Department Microelectronics, Russia
40University of Eastern Finland, Department of Environmental Science, P.O. Box 1627, FI-70211 Kuopio, Finland
41Craduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 100049 Beijing, China
42Aleksanteri Institute and Department of Social Research, 00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
43Sukachev Forest Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnoyarsk 660036, Russia
44Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100094, China
45Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University, Sweden
46AEROCOSMOS Research Institute for Aerospace Monitoring, 105064, Moscow, Russia
†deceased, 20 August 2015
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