POPULISTS’ STRUGGLE FOR EPISTEMIC HEGEMONY AND ANTI-GENDER ATTACKS ON HIGHER EDUCATION IN AUTHORITARIAN CONTEXTS: THE CASE OF TURKEY

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Sammanfattning

Focusing on the gendered modalities of the illiberal attacks on
universities under the Justice and Development Party (AKP) rule,
this article explores the ways in which illiberal actors’ anti-gender-
ism and their quest for scientific authorization intersect in contem-
porary Turkey, leading to a paradigm shift towards illiberal science
perspectives. It analyzes 3 modes of discursive-institutional inter-
ventions into higher education (HE) that display gendered modal-
ities: 1. Reversal of gender-sensitive policy frameworks, 2.
Alternative politics of knowledge cultivated through new epistemic
institutions, 3. Suppression of students’ LGBTI+ activism and visibi-
lity on university campuses. It argues that AKP’s gendered attacks
on HE operate both as a backlash drawing on repressive strategies
that dismantle gender equality perspectives, as well as an alterna-
tive form of politics of knowledge with proactive strategies and new
institutions replacing critical gender lenses. As a result, the article
contributes to the scholarship on populism, politics of knowledge,
and anti-gender politics with a focus on three points: 1. Anti-gen-
derism as a key epistemic field in illiberal populist politics of knowl-
edge, 2. Combination of repressive and oppressive strategies as an
effective strategy of mainstreaming anti-gender knowledge in HE,
3. the opportunistic synergy between illiberal state actors and anti-
gender academia, media, and civil society.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftBritish Journal of Middle Eastern Studies
Antal sidor21
ISSN1353-0194
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 3 apr. 2024
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

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