Prenylation is a widespread modification that improves the biological activities of secondary metabolites. This reaction also represents a key modification step in biosyntheses of cyanobactins, a family of ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptides (RiPPs) produced by cyanobacteria. In cyanobactins, amino acids are commonly isoprenylated by ABBA prenyltransferases that use C5 donors. Notably, mass spectral analysis of piricyclamides from a fresh-water cyanobacterium suggested that they may instead have a C10 geranyl group. Here we characterize a novel geranyltransferase involved in piricyclamide biosynthesis. Using the purified enzyme, we show that the enzyme PirF catalyzes Tyr O-geranylation, which is an unprecedented post-translational modification. In addition, the combination of enzymology and analytical chemistry revealed the structure of the final natural product, piricyclamide 7005E1, and the regioselectivity of PirF, which has potential as a synthetic biological tool providing drug-like properties to diverse small molecules.
- 1182 Biokemi, cell- och molekylärbiologi