Preoperative stenting in oesophageal cancer has no effect on survival: a propensity-matched case-control study

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Sammanfattning

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown a link between oesophageal stenting before oesophagectomy and worse oncological outcomes. Our objective was to determine the effect of preoperative self-expanding covered metallic stent (SEMS) on survival, progression-free survival (PFS), operative time and complication rates in oesophageal cancer (EC).
METHODS: This study included EC patients undergoing surgery between January 2006 and January 2014 with a cT2 tumour or higher (n = 174; 135 adenocarcinomas and 39 squamous cell carcinomas). We propensity matched 1:1 a preoperative SEMS group (n = 30) to a control group. Despite the propensity matching, statistically non-significant residual covariate imbalances persisted. Median follow-up time was 33 months (range: 0–118 months). We performed Kaplan–Meier survival analysis for OS and PFS, the Student's t-test for operative time and the chi-squared test for complication rates.
RESULTS: Median survival in the SEMS group was 28.5 months (range: 0–116 months) vs 34 months (4–118 months) in the control group and median PFS was 22 months (0–111 months) vs 27 (4–113 months) (P = 0.748 and P = 0.764, respectively). Mean operative times between groups were 436 min vs 375 min (P = 0.017). No differences emerged in intraoperative (23.3% vs 10%, P = 0.299), early (50.0% vs 46.7%, P = 1) or late complication rates (53.3% vs 43.3%, P = 0.606).
CONCLUSIONS: SEMS application has no significant effect on survival, PFS or complications. Mean operative time was significantly higher in the SEMS insertion group. We therefore conclude that preoperative SEMS insertion makes the operation more challenging by increasing operative time, but is otherwise a feasible and safe strategy in experienced centres as a bridge to surgery.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftEuropean Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
Volym52
Utgåva2
Sidor (från-till)385-391
Antal sidor7
ISSN1010-7940
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 11 apr 2017
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Vetenskapsgrenar

  • 3122 Cancersjukdomar
  • 3126 Kirurgi, anestesiologi, intensivvård, radiologi

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