Relationship Satisfaction and Similarity of Personality Traits, Personal Values, and Attitudes

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

Sammanfattning

Spousal similarity and its consequences are widely studied, but methodologically challenging topics. We employed Response Surface Analysis to examine similarity along political attitudes, personal values, and personality traits. Opposite-sex couples (624 individuals) expecting a child were recruited. Spouses were highly similar regarding their political attitudes and moderately similar regarding trait Openness and the personal values Universalism and Tradition. Similarity for other traits and values was weak (e.g. Conscientiousness, Power values) or non-existent (e.g. Neuroticism, Benevolence values). Similarity in conservative vs. liberal attitudes was non-linear: a conservative-conservative union was most common. Women's relationship satisfaction was related to similarity in left-right and liberal-conservative political attitudes, and both partners' satisfaction was related to similarity in Self-Direction values. Similarity in personality traits was unrelated to relationship satisfaction.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftPersonality and Individual Differences
Volym123
Sidor (från-till)191-198
Antal sidor8
ISSN0191-8869
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 1 mar 2018
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Vetenskapsgrenar

  • 5144 Socialpsykologi
  • 515 Psykologi

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title = "Relationship Satisfaction and Similarity of Personality Traits, Personal Values, and Attitudes",
abstract = "Spousal similarity and its consequences are widely studied, but methodologically challenging topics. We employed Response Surface Analysis to examine similarity along political attitudes, personal values, and personality traits. Opposite-sex couples (624 individuals) expecting a child were recruited. Spouses were highly similar regarding their political attitudes and moderately similar regarding trait Openness and the personal values Universalism and Tradition. Similarity for other traits and values was weak (e.g. Conscientiousness, Power values) or non-existent (e.g. Neuroticism, Benevolence values). Similarity in conservative vs. liberal attitudes was non-linear: a conservative-conservative union was most common. Women's relationship satisfaction was related to similarity in left-right and liberal-conservative political attitudes, and both partners' satisfaction was related to similarity in Self-Direction values. Similarity in personality traits was unrelated to relationship satisfaction.",
keywords = "5144 Social psychology, 515 Psychology, Personality traits, Personal values, Political attitudes, Relationship satisfaction, Human mate selection, COUPLE-CENTERED APPROACH, MARITAL QUALITY, SOCIAL-CONSEQUENCES, ATTRACTION, METAANALYSIS, CONVERGENCE, DIMENSIONS, ASSORTMENT, COUNTRIES, PARTNER",
author = "Sointu Leikas and Ville Ilmarinen and Markku Verkasalo and Hanna-Leena Vartiainen and Jan-Erik L{\"o}nnqvist",
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Relationship Satisfaction and Similarity of Personality Traits, Personal Values, and Attitudes. / Leikas, Sointu; Ilmarinen, Ville; Verkasalo, Markku; Vartiainen, Hanna-Leena; Lönnqvist, Jan-Erik.

I: Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 123, 01.03.2018, s. 191-198.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship Satisfaction and Similarity of Personality Traits, Personal Values, and Attitudes

AU - Leikas, Sointu

AU - Ilmarinen, Ville

AU - Verkasalo, Markku

AU - Vartiainen, Hanna-Leena

AU - Lönnqvist, Jan-Erik

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N2 - Spousal similarity and its consequences are widely studied, but methodologically challenging topics. We employed Response Surface Analysis to examine similarity along political attitudes, personal values, and personality traits. Opposite-sex couples (624 individuals) expecting a child were recruited. Spouses were highly similar regarding their political attitudes and moderately similar regarding trait Openness and the personal values Universalism and Tradition. Similarity for other traits and values was weak (e.g. Conscientiousness, Power values) or non-existent (e.g. Neuroticism, Benevolence values). Similarity in conservative vs. liberal attitudes was non-linear: a conservative-conservative union was most common. Women's relationship satisfaction was related to similarity in left-right and liberal-conservative political attitudes, and both partners' satisfaction was related to similarity in Self-Direction values. Similarity in personality traits was unrelated to relationship satisfaction.

AB - Spousal similarity and its consequences are widely studied, but methodologically challenging topics. We employed Response Surface Analysis to examine similarity along political attitudes, personal values, and personality traits. Opposite-sex couples (624 individuals) expecting a child were recruited. Spouses were highly similar regarding their political attitudes and moderately similar regarding trait Openness and the personal values Universalism and Tradition. Similarity for other traits and values was weak (e.g. Conscientiousness, Power values) or non-existent (e.g. Neuroticism, Benevolence values). Similarity in conservative vs. liberal attitudes was non-linear: a conservative-conservative union was most common. Women's relationship satisfaction was related to similarity in left-right and liberal-conservative political attitudes, and both partners' satisfaction was related to similarity in Self-Direction values. Similarity in personality traits was unrelated to relationship satisfaction.

KW - 5144 Social psychology

KW - 515 Psychology

KW - Personality traits

KW - Personal values

KW - Political attitudes

KW - Relationship satisfaction

KW - Human mate selection

KW - COUPLE-CENTERED APPROACH

KW - MARITAL QUALITY

KW - SOCIAL-CONSEQUENCES

KW - ATTRACTION

KW - METAANALYSIS

KW - CONVERGENCE

KW - DIMENSIONS

KW - ASSORTMENT

KW - COUNTRIES

KW - PARTNER

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JO - Personality and Individual Differences

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