Role of Fungi in Wood Decay

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Abstract Wood is a demanding source of carbon and energy for microbes. Other nutrients than carbon are scarce in wood cell walls, where polymeric substances are embedded in so-called lignocellulose matrix that efficiently hampers the access of microbes and their enzymes. Biological degradation of wood in nature is mainly caused by filamentous fungi from the phyla Basidiomycota and Ascomycota. As woody plants reserve an enormous amount of photosynthetically fixed carbon on earth, wood degrading fungi have a significant ecological impact on the global carbon cycling. This article presents the chemical composition of the wood cell wall, different types of fungal wood decay, and enzymatic and chemical approaches that fungi use for cleavage and modification of wood polymers and compounds.
Originalspråkengelska
Titel på gästpublikationReference Module in Life Sciences
RedaktörerBernard D. Roitberg
Volym2018
FörlagElsevier
Utgivningsdatum26 apr 2018
ISBN (elektroniskt)978-0-12-809633-8
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 26 apr 2018
MoE-publikationstypA3 Del av bok eller annan forskningsbok

Vetenskapsgrenar

  • 1183 Växtbiologi, mikrobiologi, virologi

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