Saami -(š)goahti- inchoatives: their variation, history, and suggested cognates in Veps and Mordvin

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The purpose of this article is twofold: first, to give an overview of the morphological and areal variation of the Saami deverbal inchoative suffixes (North Saami -goahti- and -šgoahti-), and second, to give an updated account of the history of said suffixes. To achieve the latter, a critical survey is made of previous literature dealing with these Saami suffixes as well as the phonetically and semantically similar derivational suffixes in Mordvin (Erzya -kado-, -gado-) and in Veps and Ludic (-gande-, -škande- ~ -gade-, -škade-). Several kinds of etymological cognate or loan relations between these suffixes have been posited. In the present paper, however, it is argued that the Saami -goahti- suffix is not related to other Uralic suffixes, but instead results from the affixation of an independent verb (North Saami boahtit ‘to come’). The -š- element attaching to the suffix is explained as a remnant of another derivational suffix still found as an independent inchoative marker -ahtja- present from South Saami up to Lule Saami.
Bidragets titel på inmatningsspråkSaamen -(š)goahti-inkoatiivit: variaatio, historia ja ehdotetut vastineet vepsässä ja mordvassa
TidskriftJournal de la Société Finno-Ougrienne
Sidor (från-till)153–181
Antal sidor29
StatusPublicerad - 2019
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad


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