Sammanfattning

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:
Adults born preterm score lower on performance-based tests of executive functioning (EF) than their term-born peers. These test scores do not necessarily translate to application of these skills in an everyday environment. The objective of the study was to test differences between very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) adults and their term-born peers in self- and parent-rated EF and examine concordance between self- and parent-rated EF and performance-based tests of EF.
METHODS:
A longitudinal study of 90 VLBW adults and 93 term-born controls (aged 21-30 years) was performed. The young adults and their parents filled in the Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning-Adult Version, and the adults underwent performance-based tests of EF.
RESULTS:
VLBW young adults and especially those born appropriate for gestational age reported fewer problems in behavioral regulation and global EF than term-born controls; however, parents of VLBW adults born small for gestational age reported more problems for their children in all EF scales than parents of the controls. Compared with their parents, VLBW young adults reported fewer problems in behavioral regulation. Adults' ratings and their parents' ratings correlated significantly among VLBW and control groups. In the VLBW and VLBW/small-for-gestational-age groups, parent ratings of EF were correlated to performance-based tests, whereas among term-born adults, self-reports correlated.
CONCLUSIONS:
These findings reveal that VLBW adults may have learned to compensate in the everyday environment for their EF deficits apparent in performance-based tests. Alternatively, VLBW adults may have positively skewed views of their abilities.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftPediatrics (English Edition)
Volym131
Utgåva1
Sidor (från-till)e243-e250
Antal sidor8
ISSN0031-4005
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2013
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Vetenskapsgrenar

  • 515 Psykologi

Citera det här

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title = "Self- and parent-rated executive functioning in young adults with very low birth weight",
abstract = "BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Adults born preterm score lower on performance-based tests of executive functioning (EF) than their term-born peers. These test scores do not necessarily translate to application of these skills in an everyday environment. The objective of the study was to test differences between very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) adults and their term-born peers in self- and parent-rated EF and examine concordance between self- and parent-rated EF and performance-based tests of EF.METHODS:A longitudinal study of 90 VLBW adults and 93 term-born controls (aged 21-30 years) was performed. The young adults and their parents filled in the Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning-Adult Version, and the adults underwent performance-based tests of EF.RESULTS:VLBW young adults and especially those born appropriate for gestational age reported fewer problems in behavioral regulation and global EF than term-born controls; however, parents of VLBW adults born small for gestational age reported more problems for their children in all EF scales than parents of the controls. Compared with their parents, VLBW young adults reported fewer problems in behavioral regulation. Adults' ratings and their parents' ratings correlated significantly among VLBW and control groups. In the VLBW and VLBW/small-for-gestational-age groups, parent ratings of EF were correlated to performance-based tests, whereas among term-born adults, self-reports correlated.CONCLUSIONS:These findings reveal that VLBW adults may have learned to compensate in the everyday environment for their EF deficits apparent in performance-based tests. Alternatively, VLBW adults may have positively skewed views of their abilities.",
keywords = "515 Psychology",
author = "Kati Heinonen and Anu-Katriina Pesonen and Jari Lahti and Riikka Pyh{\"a}l{\"a} and Sonja Strang-Karlsson and Petteri Hovi and Anna-Liisa J{\"a}rvenp{\"a}{\"a} and Eriksson, {Johan G.} and Sture Andersson and Eero Kajantie and Katri R{\"a}ikk{\"o}nen",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1542/peds.2012-0839",
language = "English",
volume = "131",
pages = "e243--e250",
journal = "Pediatrics (English Edition)",
issn = "0031-4005",
publisher = "American Academy of Pediatrics",
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}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self- and parent-rated executive functioning in young adults with very low birth weight

AU - Heinonen, Kati

AU - Pesonen, Anu-Katriina

AU - Lahti, Jari

AU - Pyhälä, Riikka

AU - Strang-Karlsson, Sonja

AU - Hovi, Petteri

AU - Järvenpää, Anna-Liisa

AU - Eriksson, Johan G.

AU - Andersson, Sture

AU - Kajantie, Eero

AU - Räikkönen, Katri

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Adults born preterm score lower on performance-based tests of executive functioning (EF) than their term-born peers. These test scores do not necessarily translate to application of these skills in an everyday environment. The objective of the study was to test differences between very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) adults and their term-born peers in self- and parent-rated EF and examine concordance between self- and parent-rated EF and performance-based tests of EF.METHODS:A longitudinal study of 90 VLBW adults and 93 term-born controls (aged 21-30 years) was performed. The young adults and their parents filled in the Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning-Adult Version, and the adults underwent performance-based tests of EF.RESULTS:VLBW young adults and especially those born appropriate for gestational age reported fewer problems in behavioral regulation and global EF than term-born controls; however, parents of VLBW adults born small for gestational age reported more problems for their children in all EF scales than parents of the controls. Compared with their parents, VLBW young adults reported fewer problems in behavioral regulation. Adults' ratings and their parents' ratings correlated significantly among VLBW and control groups. In the VLBW and VLBW/small-for-gestational-age groups, parent ratings of EF were correlated to performance-based tests, whereas among term-born adults, self-reports correlated.CONCLUSIONS:These findings reveal that VLBW adults may have learned to compensate in the everyday environment for their EF deficits apparent in performance-based tests. Alternatively, VLBW adults may have positively skewed views of their abilities.

AB - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Adults born preterm score lower on performance-based tests of executive functioning (EF) than their term-born peers. These test scores do not necessarily translate to application of these skills in an everyday environment. The objective of the study was to test differences between very low birth weight (VLBW; <1500 g) adults and their term-born peers in self- and parent-rated EF and examine concordance between self- and parent-rated EF and performance-based tests of EF.METHODS:A longitudinal study of 90 VLBW adults and 93 term-born controls (aged 21-30 years) was performed. The young adults and their parents filled in the Behavioral Rating Inventory of Executive Functioning-Adult Version, and the adults underwent performance-based tests of EF.RESULTS:VLBW young adults and especially those born appropriate for gestational age reported fewer problems in behavioral regulation and global EF than term-born controls; however, parents of VLBW adults born small for gestational age reported more problems for their children in all EF scales than parents of the controls. Compared with their parents, VLBW young adults reported fewer problems in behavioral regulation. Adults' ratings and their parents' ratings correlated significantly among VLBW and control groups. In the VLBW and VLBW/small-for-gestational-age groups, parent ratings of EF were correlated to performance-based tests, whereas among term-born adults, self-reports correlated.CONCLUSIONS:These findings reveal that VLBW adults may have learned to compensate in the everyday environment for their EF deficits apparent in performance-based tests. Alternatively, VLBW adults may have positively skewed views of their abilities.

KW - 515 Psychology

U2 - 10.1542/peds.2012-0839

DO - 10.1542/peds.2012-0839

M3 - Article

VL - 131

SP - e243-e250

JO - Pediatrics (English Edition)

JF - Pediatrics (English Edition)

SN - 0031-4005

IS - 1

ER -