Semi-natural habitats in boreal Europe: a rise of a social-ecological research agenda.

Irina Herzon, Kaisa Raatikainen, Solvi Wehn, Solvita Rusina, Aveliina Helm, Sara Cousins, Valerius Rašomavičius

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelPeer review

Sammanfattning

The European continent contains substantial areas of semi-natural habitats, mostly grasslands, which are among the most endangered habitats in Europe. Their continued existence depends on some form of human activity, for either production or conservation purposes, or both. We examined the share of semi-natural grasslands within the general grassland areas in boreal Europe. We reviewed research literature across the region to compile evidence on semi-natural grasslands and other semi-natural habitats, such as wooded pastures, in respect to a range of topics such as ecology, land-use change, socioeconomics, and production. We also explored drivers of the research agenda and outlined future research needs. Challenges are faced when defining and quantifying semi-natural habitats even across a restricted region. Agricultural development and other policies clearly impact the research agenda in various countries. There are recent signs of a shift from classical ecological studies toward more multidisciplinary and integrated research. To sufficiently address the threats faced by semi-natural habitats, political and research frameworks in the European Union should pay more attention to the social-ecological complexity inherent in their management and should support the engagement of various actors into participatory governance processes. This is in line with a full-farm approach implicit in high nature value farming systems.
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer13
TidskriftEcology and Society
Volym26
Utgåva2
Antal sidor15
ISSN1708-3087
DOI
StatusPublicerad - jun 2021
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Vetenskapsgrenar

  • 1181 Ekologi, evolutionsbiologi

Citera det här