Social Mobility and Health-Related Quality of Life Trajectory Classes Among Older Women and Men

Anna-Maria Lahti, Tuija M. Mikkola, Niko S. Wasenius, Timo Törmäkangas, Jenni N. Ikonen, Sini Siltanen, Johan G. Eriksson, Mikaela B. von Bonsdorff

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Sammanfattning

Objectives: Changes in socioeconomic status (SES) during life may impact health in old age. We investigated whether social mobility and childhood and adulthood SES are associated with trajectories of health-related quality of life (HrQoL) over a 17-year period. Methods: We used data from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study (n = 2003, 46% men, mean age 61.5 years). Social mobility was derived from childhood SES, obtained from healthcare records, and register-based adulthood SES. Results: Logistic regression models showed that lower adulthood SES was associated with lower physical HrQoL trajectories. Among men low (OR 3.95, p <.001), middle (OR 2.20, p =.006), and declining lifetime SES (OR 2.41, p =.001) were associated with lower physical HrQoL trajectories compared to men with high SES. Socioeconomic status was not associated with mental HrQoL trajectories. Discussion: Declining SES during life course may have negative health consequences, while improving SES is potentially as beneficial as high SES to later-life health among men.

Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftJournal of Aging and Health
ISSN0898-2643
DOI
Status!!E-pub ahead of print - 2024
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

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© The Author(s) 2024.

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