Staff Training Interventions to Improve End-of-Life Care of Nursing Home Residents: A Systematic Review

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Sammanfattning

Objectives: The aim was to review evidence from all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) using palliative care education or staff training as an intervention to improve nursing home residents' quality of life (QOL) or quality of dying (QOD) or to reduce burdensome hospitalizations.

Design: A systematic review with a narrative summary.

Setting and Participants: Residents in nursing homes and other long-term care facilities.

Methods: We searched MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Google Scholar, references of known articles, previous reviews, and recent volumes of key journals. RCTs were included in the review. Methodologic quality was assessed.

Results: The search yielded 932 articles after removing the duplicates. Of them, 16 cluster RCTs fulfilled inclusion criteria for analysis. There was a great variety in the interventions with respect to learning methods, intensity, complexity, and length of staff training. Most interventions featured other elements besides staff training. In the 6 high-quality trials, only 1 showed a reduction in hospitalizations, whereas among 6 moderate-quality trials 2 suggested a reduction in hospitalizations. None of the high-quality trials showed effects on residents' QOL or QOD. Staff reported an improved QOD in 1 moderatequality trial.

Conclusions and Implications: Irrespective of the means of staff training, there were surprisingly few effects of education on residents' QOL, QOD, or burdensome hospitalizations. Further studies are needed to explore the reasons behind these findings. (C) 2020 AMDA - The Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine.

Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Volym22
Utgåva2
Sidor (från-till)268-278
Antal sidor11
ISSN1525-8610
DOI
StatusPublicerad - feb 2021
MoE-publikationstypA2 Granska artikel i en vetenskaplig tidskrift

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