Strategies to Prevent Biofilm Infections on Biomaterials: Effect of Novel Naturally-Derived Biofilm Inhibitors on a Competitive Colonization Model of Titanium by Staphylococcus aureus and SaOS-2 Cells

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Sammanfattning

Biofilm-mediated infection is a major cause of bone prosthesis failure. The lack of molecules able to act in biofilms has driven research aimed at identifying new anti-biofilm agents via chemical screens. However, to be able to accommodate a large number of compounds, the testing conditions of these screenings end up being typically far from the clinical scenario. In this study, we assess the potential applicability of three previously discovered anti-biofilm compounds to be part of implanted medical devices by testing them on in vitro systems that more closely resemble the clinical scenario. To that end, we used a competition model based on the co-culture of SaOS-2 mammalian cells and Staphylococcus aureus (collection and clinical strains) on a titanium surface, as well as titanium pre-conditioned with high serum protein concentration. Additionally, we studied whether these compounds enhance the previously proven protective effect of pre-incubating titanium with SaOS-2 cells. Out of the three, DHA1 was the one with the highest potential, showing a preventive effect on bacterial adherence in all tested conditions, making it the most promising agent for incorporation into bone implants. This study emphasizes and demonstrates the importance of using meaningful experimental models, where potential antimicrobials ought to be tested for the protection of biomaterials in translational applications.

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer345
TidskriftMicroorganisms
Volym8
Utgåva3
Sidor (från-till)1-20
Antal sidor20
ISSN2076-2607
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 29 feb 2020
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Vetenskapsgrenar

  • 1183 Växtbiologi, mikrobiologi, virologi

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