The future operating environment of the Finnish sawmill industry in an era of climate change mitigation policies

Tuula Packalen, Leena Kärkkäinen, Anne Maarit Kristiina Toppinen

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Sammanfattning

Sawnwood and its further-processed products play an important role in the mitigation of climate change; sawnwood, as well as its by-products from production processes, such as raw material (bark, chips, dust) for energy products (e.g. pellets, heating power), can substitute for other raw materials with higher carbon footprints. In this study, we integrate various foresight methods in analysing the future of the sawmilling industry in Finland. According to the results, climate change mitigation policies impact firstly through increasing energy costs and secondly through emerging energy products. The greatest uncertainties are related to the price of energy and the competitive situation of wood as a potential source of energy, both regulated heavily by EU- and national level policies. In addition, the future development of biorefineries was regarded as a potential driver of change: the increasing demand for pulpwood would increase competition for the raw materials. From a managerial perspective, the Finnish sawmilling industry should thus consider adoption of new business models for joint production of wood, chips, and energy for heat and power. For the policymakers our study illustrates how important it is to take into account the causal effects on profitability determinants when designing policy measures. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftForest Policy and Economics
Volym82
Nummer30-40
Sidor (från-till)30-40
Antal sidor11
ISSN1389-9341
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 15 sep. 2017
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

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