The link between early childhood lower airway symptoms, airway hyperresponsiveness, and school-age lung function

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Sammanfattning

Background: The role of early airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in the lung function of school-age children is currently unclear.

Objective: To conduct a prospective follow-up study of lung function in schoolchildren with a history of lower airway symptoms and AHR to methacholine in early childhood and to compare the findings to schoolchildren with no previous or current lung diseases. We also explored symptoms and markers of type 2 inflammation.

Methods: In 2004 to 2011, data on atopic markers, lung function, and AHR to methacholine were obtained from 193 symptomatic children under 3 years old. In 2016 to 2018, a follow-up sample of 84 children (median age, 11 years; IQR, 11-12) underwent measurements of atopic parameters, lung function, and AHR to methacholine. Moreover, in 2017 to 2018, 40 controls (median age, 11 years; IQR, 9-12) participated in the study.

Results: Schoolchildren with early childhood lower airway symptoms and increased AHR had more frequent blood eosinophilia than their peers without increased AHR and lower prebronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) and FEV1/forced vital capacity Z-scores than those without increased AHR and controls. Post-bronchodilator values were not significantly different between the two AHR groups. Atopy in early childhood (defined as atopic eczema and at least 1 positive skin prick test result) was associated with subsequent lung function and atopic markers, but not AHR.

Conclusion: In symptomatic young children, increased AHR was associated with subsequent obstructive lung function, which appeared reversible by bronchodilation, and blood eosinophilia, indicative of type 2 inflammation.
Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftAnnals of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology
ISSN1081-1206
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 2023
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Vetenskapsgrenar

  • 3123 Kvinno- och barnsjukdomar
  • 3121 Allmänmedicin, inre medicin och annan klinisk medicin

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