The Paper Industry in Germany, 1800-2000

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Germany is the biggest paper exporter in the world, the biggest paper producer in Europe and the fourth biggest producer in the world. It is also the biggest market in Europe and a major export market for European pulp producers. However, only three German pulp and paper companies made it to the top 100 list of the industry in 2010 and none made it into the top 50 (PPI 2011). This article describes the development of the German industry from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the present in order to explain the factors contributing to this unusual state of affairs in a country which, during the second Industrial Revolution, created major players in the new global oligopolies in chemicals, machinery and metals. In many lighter industries, such as paper, the focus remained on domestic markets, or foreign companies came to dominate the industry. To cover the development of the industry, the chapter relies on existing research and statistical sources to describe changes in production, trade, raw materials and technology; changes in firms and industry structure, and changes in regulation. The article also discusses government policies, major historical events and their effects.
Titel på gästpublikationThe Evolution of Global Paper Industry 1800¬–2050 : A Comparative Analysis
RedaktörerJuha-Antti Lamberg, Jari Ojala, Mirva Peltoniemi, Timo Särkkä
Antal sidor19
ISBN (tryckt)978-94-007-5430-0
ISBN (elektroniskt)978-94-007-5431-7
StatusPublicerad - 2012
Externt publiceradJa
MoE-publikationstypA3 Del av bok eller annan forskningsbok


NamnWorld Forests
ISSN (tryckt)1566-0427
ISSN (elektroniskt)1566-0427


  • 5202 Ekonomisk- och socialhistoria

Citera det här

Turunen, O. (2012). The Paper Industry in Germany, 1800-2000. I J-A. Lamberg, J. Ojala, M. Peltoniemi, & T. Särkkä (Red.), The Evolution of Global Paper Industry 1800¬–2050: A Comparative Analysis (s. 81-99). (World Forests; Vol. 17). Springer.