The role of highly oxygenated organic molecules in the Boreal aerosol-cloud-climate system

Pontus Roldin, Mikael Ehn, Theo Kurten, Tinja Olenius, Matti P. Rissanen, Nina Sarnela, Jonas Elm, Pekka Rantala, Liqing Hao, Noora Hyttinen, Liine Heikkinen, Douglas Worsnop, Lukas Pichelstorfer, Carlton Xavier, Petri Clusius, Emilie Öström, Tuukka Petäjä, Markku Kulmala, Hanna Vehkamäki, Annele VirtanenIlona Riipinen, Michael Boy

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

Sammanfattning

Over Boreal regions, monoterpenes emitted from the forest are the main precursors for secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation and the primary driver of the growth of new aerosol particles to climatically important cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). Autoxidation of monoterpenes leads to rapid formation of Highly Oxygenated organic Molecules (HOM). We have developed the first model with near-explicit representation of atmospheric new particle formation (NPF) and HOM formation. The model can reproduce the observed NPF, HOM gas-phase composition and SOA formation over the Boreal forest. During the spring, HOM SOA formation increases the CCN concentration by similar to 10 % and causes a direct aerosol radiative forcing of -0.10 W/m(2). In contrast, NPF reduces the number of CCN at updraft velocities <0.2 m/s, and causes a direct aerosol radiative forcing of +0.15 W/m(2). Hence, while HOM SOA contributes to climate cooling, NPF can result in climate warming over the Boreal forest.

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer4370
TidskriftNature Communications
Volym10
Antal sidor15
ISSN2041-1723
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 25 sep 2019
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Vetenskapsgrenar

  • 114 Fysik
  • 116 Kemi

Citera det här