The significance of supportive and undermining elements in the maternal representations of an unborn baby

Erja Rusanen, AnjaRiitta Lahikainen, Pirjo Pölkki, Outi Saarenpaa-Heikkila, E. Juulia Paavonen

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

Sammanfattning

Objective: The maternal representations of an unborn baby begin to develop during pregnancy. However, the factors that moderate them are not well identified. The objective of this study was to jointly explore supportive and undermining factors in the maternal representations of an unborn baby and motherhood. Methods: Cross-sectional data comprising 1646 women studied during the third trimester of pregnancy. Maternal expectations were measured using a 12-item self-report questionnaire, Mother's Representations about an Unborn Baby. Depression, anxiety, family atmosphere and adult attachment were measured using standardised questionnaires. Statistical analysis is based on multivariate linear regression analysis. Results: The most powerful predictors of a mother's prenatal expectations were the mother's educational status, age, closeness in adult relationships, higher levels of depressive symptoms and family atmosphere. In accordance with our hypothesis, depression was related to the mother's more negative expectations on their relationship with the unborn baby and on regularity in the baby's sleeping and eating patterns. A positive family atmosphere and the mother's ability for closeness and dependence (i.e. confidence) in adult relationships were related to more positive expectations of the mother-unborn baby relationship. On the other hand, stress, anxiety and adverse life events were not related to the mother's expectations of her unborn baby. Conclusions: The results may be helpful in identifying families who need early professional support and call for studies where the prenatal phase is explored as a proactive phase for the development of the child-parent relationship.

Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftJournal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Volym36
Utgåva3
Sidor (från-till)261-275
Antal sidor15
ISSN0264-6838
DOI
StatusPublicerad - 3 maj 2018
MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

Vetenskapsgrenar

  • 3123 Kvinno- och barnsjukdomar

Citera det här

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title = "The significance of supportive and undermining elements in the maternal representations of an unborn baby",
abstract = "Objective: The maternal representations of an unborn baby begin to develop during pregnancy. However, the factors that moderate them are not well identified. The objective of this study was to jointly explore supportive and undermining factors in the maternal representations of an unborn baby and motherhood. Methods: Cross-sectional data comprising 1646 women studied during the third trimester of pregnancy. Maternal expectations were measured using a 12-item self-report questionnaire, Mother's Representations about an Unborn Baby. Depression, anxiety, family atmosphere and adult attachment were measured using standardised questionnaires. Statistical analysis is based on multivariate linear regression analysis. Results: The most powerful predictors of a mother's prenatal expectations were the mother's educational status, age, closeness in adult relationships, higher levels of depressive symptoms and family atmosphere. In accordance with our hypothesis, depression was related to the mother's more negative expectations on their relationship with the unborn baby and on regularity in the baby's sleeping and eating patterns. A positive family atmosphere and the mother's ability for closeness and dependence (i.e. confidence) in adult relationships were related to more positive expectations of the mother-unborn baby relationship. On the other hand, stress, anxiety and adverse life events were not related to the mother's expectations of her unborn baby. Conclusions: The results may be helpful in identifying families who need early professional support and call for studies where the prenatal phase is explored as a proactive phase for the development of the child-parent relationship.",
keywords = "CONFLICT, DEPRESSION, FETAL ATTACHMENT, INFANT, INVENTORY, PREGNANCY, PRENATAL ATTACHMENT, Prenatal attachment, QUESTIONNAIRE, VALIDITY, WOMEN, depression, expectation, motherhood, pregnancy, representation, 3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics",
author = "Erja Rusanen and AnjaRiitta Lahikainen and Pirjo P{\"o}lkki and Outi Saarenpaa-Heikkila and Paavonen, {E. Juulia}",
year = "2018",
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day = "3",
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language = "English",
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pages = "261--275",
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The significance of supportive and undermining elements in the maternal representations of an unborn baby. / Rusanen, Erja; Lahikainen, AnjaRiitta; Pölkki, Pirjo; Saarenpaa-Heikkila, Outi; Paavonen, E. Juulia.

I: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, Vol. 36, Nr. 3, 03.05.2018, s. 261-275.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The significance of supportive and undermining elements in the maternal representations of an unborn baby

AU - Rusanen, Erja

AU - Lahikainen, AnjaRiitta

AU - Pölkki, Pirjo

AU - Saarenpaa-Heikkila, Outi

AU - Paavonen, E. Juulia

PY - 2018/5/3

Y1 - 2018/5/3

N2 - Objective: The maternal representations of an unborn baby begin to develop during pregnancy. However, the factors that moderate them are not well identified. The objective of this study was to jointly explore supportive and undermining factors in the maternal representations of an unborn baby and motherhood. Methods: Cross-sectional data comprising 1646 women studied during the third trimester of pregnancy. Maternal expectations were measured using a 12-item self-report questionnaire, Mother's Representations about an Unborn Baby. Depression, anxiety, family atmosphere and adult attachment were measured using standardised questionnaires. Statistical analysis is based on multivariate linear regression analysis. Results: The most powerful predictors of a mother's prenatal expectations were the mother's educational status, age, closeness in adult relationships, higher levels of depressive symptoms and family atmosphere. In accordance with our hypothesis, depression was related to the mother's more negative expectations on their relationship with the unborn baby and on regularity in the baby's sleeping and eating patterns. A positive family atmosphere and the mother's ability for closeness and dependence (i.e. confidence) in adult relationships were related to more positive expectations of the mother-unborn baby relationship. On the other hand, stress, anxiety and adverse life events were not related to the mother's expectations of her unborn baby. Conclusions: The results may be helpful in identifying families who need early professional support and call for studies where the prenatal phase is explored as a proactive phase for the development of the child-parent relationship.

AB - Objective: The maternal representations of an unborn baby begin to develop during pregnancy. However, the factors that moderate them are not well identified. The objective of this study was to jointly explore supportive and undermining factors in the maternal representations of an unborn baby and motherhood. Methods: Cross-sectional data comprising 1646 women studied during the third trimester of pregnancy. Maternal expectations were measured using a 12-item self-report questionnaire, Mother's Representations about an Unborn Baby. Depression, anxiety, family atmosphere and adult attachment were measured using standardised questionnaires. Statistical analysis is based on multivariate linear regression analysis. Results: The most powerful predictors of a mother's prenatal expectations were the mother's educational status, age, closeness in adult relationships, higher levels of depressive symptoms and family atmosphere. In accordance with our hypothesis, depression was related to the mother's more negative expectations on their relationship with the unborn baby and on regularity in the baby's sleeping and eating patterns. A positive family atmosphere and the mother's ability for closeness and dependence (i.e. confidence) in adult relationships were related to more positive expectations of the mother-unborn baby relationship. On the other hand, stress, anxiety and adverse life events were not related to the mother's expectations of her unborn baby. Conclusions: The results may be helpful in identifying families who need early professional support and call for studies where the prenatal phase is explored as a proactive phase for the development of the child-parent relationship.

KW - CONFLICT

KW - DEPRESSION

KW - FETAL ATTACHMENT

KW - INFANT

KW - INVENTORY

KW - PREGNANCY

KW - PRENATAL ATTACHMENT

KW - Prenatal attachment

KW - QUESTIONNAIRE

KW - VALIDITY

KW - WOMEN

KW - depression

KW - expectation

KW - motherhood

KW - pregnancy

KW - representation

KW - 3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics

U2 - 10.1080/02646838.2018.1462476

DO - 10.1080/02646838.2018.1462476

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 261

EP - 275

JO - Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology

JF - Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology

SN - 0264-6838

IS - 3

ER -