Thrombin generation during reperfusion after coronary artery bypass surgery associates with postoperative myocardial damage

Peter Raivio, Anne Kuitunen, Raili Suojaranta-Ylinen, Riitta Lassila, Jari Petäjä

    Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikelVetenskapligPeer review


    "Background: Cardiopulmonary bypass and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) result in significant thrombin generation and activation of fibrinolysis. Thrombin contributes to myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in animal studies, but the role of thrombin in myocardial damage after CABG is unknown. Objectives: We measured thrombin generation and fibrin turnover during reperfusion after CABG to evaluate their associations with postoperative hemodynamic changes and myocardial damage. Methods: One hundred patients undergoing primary, elective, on-pump CABG were prospectively enrolled. Plasma prothrombin fragment F1+2 and D-dimer were measured preoperatively and at seven time points thereafter. Mass of the Mb fraction of creatine kinase (Ck-Mbm) and troponin T (TnT) were measured on the first postoperative day. Results: Reperfusion induced an escalation of thrombin generation and fibrin turnover despite full heparinization. F1+2 during early reperfusion associated with postoperative pulmonary vascular resistance index. F1+2 at 6 h after protamine administration correlated with Ck-Mbm (r = 0.40, P < 0.001) and TnT (r = 0.44, P < 0.001) at 18 h postoperatively. Patients with evidence of myocardial damage (highest quintiles of plasma Ck-Mbm and TnT) had significantly higher F1+2 during reperfusion than others (P < 0.002). Logistic regression models identified F1+2 during reperfusion to independently associate with postoperative myocardial damage (odds ratios 2.5-4.4, 95% confidence intervals 1.04-15.7). Conclusions: Reperfusion caused a burst in thrombin generation and fibrin turnover despite generous heparinization. Thrombin generation during reperfusion after CABG associated with pulmonary vascular resistance and postoperative myocardial damage."
    TidskriftJournal of thrombosis and haemostasis
    Sidor (från-till)1523-1529
    Antal sidor7
    StatusPublicerad - 2006
    MoE-publikationstypA1 Tidskriftsartikel-refererad

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